Cape Town Ministerial Communiqué, India-Brazil-South
Africa (IBSA) Dialogue Forum
1. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of South
Africa, H. E. Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, the Minister of External Affairs of
India, H.E. Mr. K Natwar Singh and the Foreign Minister of Brazil, H.E. Mr. Celso
Amorim, met in Cape Town on 10 and 11 March 2005 for the Second Meeting of the
Trilateral Commission of the IBSA Dialogue Forum.
2. The Foreign Ministers
reaffirmed their determination to play a constructive role in international affairs
and to maintain friendly relations with all countries. The IBSA Dialogue Forum
serves as a mechanism for political consultation and co-ordination as well as
for strengthening co-operation in sectoral areas and to improve economic relations
between India, Brazil and South Africa.
3. They confirmed their support
for a strong multilateral system as a means towards addressing issues of global
concern, in particular the pre-eminent role of the United Nations in the maintenance
of international peace and security and the promotion of sustainable development.
4. The Ministers noted that the Trilateral Ministerial Commission has also
proved to be an excellent environment to exchange views on regional and global
MILLENNIUM REVIEW SUMMIT
5. The Ministers agreed
to work together, within the UN processes in New York, towards the successful
conclusion of the Millennium Review Summit scheduled to take place from 14 to
16 September 2005. They looked forward to the Report to be issued by the Secretary-General
in March 2005 in preparation for the Summit. The Ministers expressed the hope
that the Summit outcome would reflect a balance between development and security
concerns and emphasised that development was an indispensable foundation for a
new collective security system. In this regard they noted that the Report of the
High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change and the Report of the United
Nations Millennium Project 2005 provided useful inputs towards this end.
The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to the goal of developing countries
successfully achieving, at the minimum, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
as a core strategy in the international fight against underdevelopment, hunger
and poverty. They reiterated their support for the New York Declaration, issued
at the World Leaders' Meeting on Action Against Hunger and Poverty, and reconfirmed
the importance of obtaining new and additional financial resources for fighting
poverty and financing development.
7. The Ministers noted that the MDGs
should not be seen in isolation, as they cut across every aspect of international
co-operation. Considerably more international progress was needed, therefore,
in areas such as improved market access for developing countries, increased Official
Development Assistance (ODA) and more extensive debt relief as well as additional
resources and new approaches to development financing.
8. The Ministers
emphasised that South-South co-operation was an essential and fundamental component
of international co-operation for development, especially in terms of global,
regional and country-level efforts to achieve the MDGs and reaffirmed cooperation
under IBSA to promote these objectives.
9. The Ministers committed themselves
to work together to strengthen the political will of the UN membership to maintain
the momentum of the 2000 Millennium Summit, in order to translate commitments
into concrete action, in particular, in the areas of development and poverty eradication.
10. The Ministers recognised the strong multiplier effect of poverty eradication
strategies targeting women and children and agreed to reflect this approach in
IBSA programmes and initiatives. They also highlighted in this regard, the importance
of linking the MDGs to the Beijing Platform for Action.
11. The Ministers re-iterated their continued support for the
early reform of the United Nations to make it more democratic and responsive to
the priorities of its Member States, particularly those of developing countries
that constitute the vast majority of its membership. They agreed to utilise fully
the window of opportunity afforded by the Millennium Review Process for a serious
effort at the long-needed UN reform, in particular the institutional reforms relating
to the UN General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council and the Security Council.
12. The Ministers expressed the view that the composition of the UN Security
Council no longer represented present-day realities. Bearing in mind that decisions
of the Council should serve the interests of the broader United Nations Membership,
they highlighted the need for the urgent reform of the Council that would include
its expansion in both categories of membership, permanent and non-permanent, in
order to render it more democratic, legitimate and representative. Towards this
end, developing countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America would need to be
included as permanent members on the Security Council. The IBSA countries agreed
to exchange information and work towards this common purpose in the coming months.
13. The Foreign Ministers voiced their full support for the capable manner
in which the United Nations Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Annan, had been conducting
the work of the organisation, and expressed confidence in his efforts to enhance
the UN's role in international relations.
14. The Ministers recommitted
their respective delegations to the UN and its specialised agencies, as well as
other multilateral bodies, to remain in close touch with each other and to consult
on all issues of significance.
SOUTH-SOUTH CO-OPERATION AND SOUTH SUMMIT
The Ministers committed themselves to developing a common vision for enhanced
South-South co-operation and the realisation of the development agenda of the
South during the 21st Century. They agreed to work together on economic development
with social equity in the context of a globalizing world. IBSA would examine ways
to adopt a pro-active approach to channel the forces of globalisation in this
direction. They re-affirmed the principle that IBSA was dedicated to the strengthening
of the international framework of South-South co-operation and the advancement
of human development through the promotion of potential synergies among its members.
The Ministers welcomed the offer by Qatar to host the second South Summit in Doha,
from 12-16 June 2005, as an opportunity to provide an important platform to assess
the present economic, social and political situation in the South and to propose
measures at the national, regional and international level that would enable developing
countries to fulfill their developmental potential.
THE NEW PARTNERSHIP
FOR AFRICA'S DEVELOPMENT (NEPAD)
17. The Ministers reaffirmed their
support for the socio-economic development programme of the African Union and
committed the IBSA partnership to seeking practical and concrete measures to be
pursued in support of the implementation of NEPAD. The three countries shared
a common experience in the struggle against poverty and underdevelopment, as well
as complementary levels of development. There was therefore much to gain from
sharing information and best practices in dealing with common challenges and in
identifying areas of common concern, need and benefit.
18. Numerous opportunities
existed in the promotion of trade, investment, science and technology exchanges,
and in the fields of energy, ICT, agriculture, bio-technology, health, tourism
and education in support of the African agenda. In this regard the Ministers pledged
to explore opportunities for trilateral cooperation.
STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP (NAASP)
19. The Ministers noted the decision made
during AASROC II, held in Durban in August 2004, to launch a New Asian-African
Strategic Partnership during the Asia-Africa Summit, scheduled to be held in Jakarta,
Indonesia in April 2005. They made a commitment to focus on practical ways of
addressing the developmental needs of Asia and Africa by focusing on economic
issues, trade, investment, health, human resource development and infrastructure.
AND SOUTH AMERICAN INTEGRATION
20. The Ministers expressed their support
for the creation of an Asian-African Business Summit which would focus on exploring
business opportunities, promoting trade and investment and identifying measures
to strengthen the African private sector. They undertook to investigate ways in
which to facilitate closer co-operation with South America.
21. The Ministers
welcomed the efforts towards integration in the Latin America and Caribbean region
and in this regard recognised the significance of the creation of the South American
Community of Nations (CASA).
REFORM OF THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL ARCHITECTURE
22. The Ministers agreed that the existing international financial
system must be renewed and strengthened to promote adequate and appropriate financing
for the development of countries at widely-differing levels of development. The
Ministers emphasised the need for greater participation by developing countries
in international economic decision-making and norm-setting processes, including
those of the Bretton Woods Institutions and other economic and financial institutions.
Developing countries had a stake in multilateral financial institutions and therefore
should be fully involved in policy-making and decision-taking processes in these
institutions in order to make them more accountable and responsive to the community
23. The Ministers committed themselves to working together to
devise means to make the multilateral financial institutions genuinely open to
participation by, and fully accountable to, the entire global constituency.
WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION
24. The Ministers agreed to intensify
co-operation in areas of mutual interest in the current round of multilateral
trade negotiations, in the lead-up to the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference in Hong
Kong in December 2005. This co-operation, as exemplified by the G-20 in agricultural
negotiations, aimed to realise the Doha Development Agenda and to enhance trade
opportunities under an open, fair, equitable and transparent rules-based multilateral
25. The Ministers expressed their conviction that the incoming
Director-General of the WTO should be a candidate best suited to advancing the
development agenda in the WTO negotiations.
The Ministers reaffirmed the validity of the principles contained in the Rio Declaration,
particularly on common but differentiated responsibilities, the Programme of Action
contained in Agenda 21, and the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on
Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg. IBSA would continue its efforts
to mobilise new and additional financial resources and the transfer of environmentally-sound
technologies within an agreed time-frame in order to implement the outcomes of
27. The Ministers stressed that an international environment
supportive of development would be critical to this process. They also called
for a specific focus on capacity-building as well as on the transfer of financial
resources and technology to developing countries.
28. They underscored the
importance of the decision taken at the WSSD to negotiate, within the framework
of the Convention on Biological Diversity, an international regime to promote
and safeguard the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation
of genetic resources. The Ministers agreed on the need for ensuring that the benefits
arising out of the commercial use of genetic resources accrued to the countries
29. They reiterated, in this context, their commitment to effective
implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. They also called for
the establishment of a legally-binding instrument for protecting intellectual
property rights related to traditional knowledge. India, Brazil and South Africa,
as the founding members of the Group of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries, agreed
to strengthen co-operation and co-ordination, with an emphasis on multilateral
negotiations and in fostering activities related to South-South Co-operation.
30. The Ministers expressed their pleasure at the entry into
force of the Kyoto Protocol on 16 February 2005. They further urged developed
countries to meet their own commitments and undertakings under the Protocol not
only in terms of complying, with current targets for Green House Gas (GHG) emission
reduction, but also in terms of the expansion of technology transfer, capacity-building
and financial support to developing countries.
PEACE AND SECURITY
OF MASS DESTRUCTION
31. The Ministers reaffirmed the view that the primary
focus on human development, the fight against poverty, and measures to promote
a better quality of life, should underpin and provide for greater guarantees for
international peace and stability. The three Ministers took stock of the global
security situation concerning disarmament and non-proliferation of Weapons of
Mass Destruction (WMDs) and noted the adoption by the UN Security Council of Resolution
1540 (2004) on 28 April 2004. They expressed their conviction that structures
such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Organisation for
the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which had already been established
in accordance with international disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control
agreements, should not be duplicated and that these organisations be utilised
as the primary institutions in the international community's endeavours to combat
the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, including to non-State actors.
They took note of avowed commitments of Governments regarding the transfer of
technology related to the manufacture of WMDs and expressed hope for the observance
of these commitments unequivocally. They agreed to further intensify their cooperation
at the IAEA and other forums with a view to ensuring the unimpeded growth and
development of the peaceful use of atomic energy through the supply of technology,
equipment and material under appropriate safeguards.
The Ministers reaffirmed that international terrorism continued to constitute
one of the most serious threats to peace and security and that acts of terrorism
were criminal and unjustifiable whatever the considerations or factors that might
be invoked to justify them. The Ministers emphasised the need for concerted and
co-ordinated action by the international community, with the ultimate objective
of eradicating terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
33. The Ministers
reaffirmed their full support for the implementation of all the measures to combat
terrorism outlined in relevant UN Security Council Resolutions. They welcomed
the Council's efforts to increase co-operation and co-ordination among all the
role-players in the fight against terrorism and called on the international community
to work together in a spirit of co-operation and accommodation to eliminate terrorism.
In this regard, the Ministers noted the importance of the conclusion of the Comprehensive
Convention on International Terrorism and called on all States to co-operate in
resolving the outstanding issues with the objective of an early conclusion of
negotiations and the adoption of this Convention. The Ministers welcomed the adoption
by the UN General Assembly of resolution 59/80 on "Measures to prevent terrorists
from acquiring weapons of mass destruction".
34. The Ministers emphasised
that international co-operation to combat terrorism should be conducted in conformity
with the principles of the United Nations Charter, international law and relevant
international conventions, including international human rights conventions.
IN THE MIDDLE EAST
35. The Ministers expressed their full support for
the new positive spirit that had emerged in the Middle East following the Palestinian
elections of 10 January 2005, which resulted in the election of Mr. Mahmoud Abbas
as the new President of Palestine. They welcomed the outcome of the Sharm Al Sheikh
Summit between the Palestinian President Abbas and the Israeli Prime Minister
Sharon on 8 February 2005, especially the undertaking of both leaders to work
to effect a cease-fire.
36. The Ministers also welcomed the outcome of the
London Conference in support of the Palestinian National Authority held on 1 March
2005. They noted with pleasure the call for a Donor Conference on Palestine. They
committed themselves to work together to assist both the Israelis and the Palestinians
to advance the Middle East Peace Process.
The Foreign Ministers expressed their deepest sympathies and condolences to the
victims and survivors of the devastating tsunami that occurred in South and South-East
Asia and East Africa on 26 December 2004. This natural disaster of unprecedented
scale underlined the importance of the adoption by the international community
of pro-active measures to address the issues of disaster reduction, mitigation
and management. In this regard, the Ministers expressed their recognition for
the cooperation extended by the developing countries to the countries affected
by the tsunami. The three Governments should seek to co-operate in the strengthening
of capacity and the implementation of development programmes at national and local
levels to reduce the impacts of "sudden-onset" natural disasters. In
this regard, the Ministers recalled the adoption of the Hyogo Framework for Action
(2005-2015) at the January 2005 World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Kobe,
IBSA SECTORAL CO-OPERATION
38. The Ministers reviewed
the work of the Sectoral Working Groups and adopted their reports. While appreciating
the progress made thus far, they recognised that greater scope existed for further
intensifying co-operation amongst the three countries.
39. The Ministers
decided to initiate trilateral cooperation in two additional sectors, namely Agriculture
and Culture. While noting that the Health and Energy Sectoral Working Groups had
been unable to convene, they welcomed the proposals for the convening of both
these Working Groups in the near future.
40. As regards Science and Technology,
the Ministers agreed on areas of co-operation for research and development and
decided that each country would champion research areas through a system of coordinators.
A work plan was developed for 2005/06, reflecting milestones in implementing projects,
a schedule of relevant events as well as a process to finalise a working document
to be signed at the next meeting of the Science and Technology Ministers, scheduled
from 8 to 10 June 2005 in Brazil.
41. In the context of the Information
Society sector, the Ministers noted that their countries had national e-government
and Information Society Development Plans that had many similarities and decided
to share information, best practices and identify projects for cooperation.
Recognising that digital exclusion constituted a critical obstacle to development
and that Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) should be harnessed
to address the needs of the poor, the Ministers stressed the importance of cooperation
in this area, especially with regard to the availability of low-cost equipment,
multi-purpose community public access centres, their sustainability and Free/Libre
Open Source Software (FLOSS).
43. The Ministers agreed that they should
continue to coordinate positions, particularly on Internet Governance, and collaborate
on the preparations for the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS).
They noted that the hosting by South Africa of the FIFA Football World Cup in
2010 created a good opportunity, particularly for the IBSA ICT sectors, to collaborate
on the ICT needs for the event.
45. The Ministers further welcomed the decision
on the establishment of the IBSA website which will facilitate interaction on,
and follow-up of, IBSA decisions. The website will be operationalised by the end
of June 2005.
46. The Ministers decided to formalise an IBSA sectoral working
group on Agriculture. It was agreed to maintain the momentum that resulted from
the launch of the IBSA Funding Facility for Hunger and Poverty Alleviation. They
also agreed to form a closer partnership between IBSA and the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) on the implementation of the Agriculture and Livestock Development
project in Guinea Bissau. A Technical Monitoring Committee (TMC) would also be
established for the project.
47. The Ministers agreed that consultations
between the Ministries and Departments of Agriculture would be strengthened in
support of the IBSA and G-20 trade consultation processes. They decided that a
meeting of IBSA experts would be convened in India to define areas for trilateral
research and training in agriculture.
48. On the issue of trade, the Ministers
decided to promote co-ordination and co-operation in several areas including on
the convergence of Preferential Trade Agreements and/or Free Trade Agreements,
in the G-20 and on WTO-related issues. They further agreed to conduct joint studies
and research on trade-related matters. The Ministers noted with satisfaction that
preferential trade agreements had already been concluded between Mercosur-SACU
and Mercosur-India and further noted that discussions will commence in June 2005
on an agreement between India and SACU. A study was circulated on "The Potential
for Greater Trade between South Africa, India and Brazil" and the Member
States undertook to conduct IBSA seminars on trade and investment in their respective
countries as well as in key developed markets.
49. The Ministers welcomed
the launch of the IBSA Business Council. It was agreed that the Business Council
and the Working Group will have an active working relationship, and also work
jointly in areas such as Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises.
50. The Ministers
welcomed the preparations for the IBSA Education Ministerial meeting scheduled
preferably for July 2005, in New Delhi. Thematic areas previously identified in
the New Delhi Plan of Action will form the basis of discussions at this meeting
and include issues of higher education, distance education and basic education.
A draft agreement on an Exchange Programme on Higher Education is also expected
to be signed at this meeting.
51. The Ministers noted preparations for
the second IBSA Defence Ministers meeting scheduled to be held in Brazil, as well
as possible areas of mutual cooperation such as the exchange of personnel, training
opportunities, the exchange of experiences in peacekeeping operations and Defence
Industry co-operation. The above possible areas of mutual cooperation will be
considered during the Ministerial meeting. Matters relating to the preparations
for the proposed Defence Industry and Technology Seminar were also discussed.
52. The Ministers expressed the view that enhancing co-operation in the
tourism sector was vital in order to foster people-to-people contact as well as
to contribute to economic development. They highlighted that statistics of inbound
tourism from among the IBSA member countries showed an encouraging upward trend.
They recommended that for tourism purposes, competent authorities in the three
countries examine the possibility of visa waiver or the issuing of visas on arrival
for IBSA nationals.
53. The Ministers noted the possibility of arranging
a meeting of IBSA Tourism Ministers to coincide with the South African Tourism
Indaba in May 2005, at which discussions would be conducted on the IBSA tourism
action plan, a trilateral tourism agreement, as well as the bilateral agreement
between South Africa and Brazil. They also noted a number of related meetings
to be arranged, amongst others, for leading IBSA private sector stakeholders in
the travel, tourism and hospitality industry, on topics such as eco-tourism and
conservation as well as cultural and heritage tourism.
54. The Ministers
took cognisance of the importance of the transport sector in promoting trade and
tourism and welcomed the progress made towards the finalization of a trilateral
agreement on Civil Aviation. They encouraged the competent authorities to meet
within three months to finalise this work and to continue the negotiations on
a Maritime Transport Agreement.
55. The Ministers for the first time included
the cultural sector in the agenda of the IBSA Dialogue Forum. They decided to
coordinate their positions within UNESCO, amongst others, on issues such as the
contribution of culture to a country's economy, the protection of intellectual
property rights keeping in view the development dimension, and the potential of
creative industries to alleviate poverty and generate income.
agreed to commence their collaboration by organizing a music and dance festival
in Brazil in November 2005, a meeting in India on the audiovisual sector in 2005
and a conference in South Africa on indigenous knowledge systems at the beginning
57. The Ministers agreed that an IBSA seminar on Economic Development
and Social Equity will be held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 5 August 2005. The
seminar will examine the contribution of the IBSA Forum towards a new paradigm
for South-South dialogue and cooperation, and seek to promote a better understanding
among IBSA members of their national policies and strategies in order to encourage
economic and social co-operation.
58. The Ministers expressed their expectation
that the seminar will deliver concrete outcomes towards fostering trilateral engagement.
They agreed that in order to guide the discussion on the overarching theme of
poverty alleviation, the seminar will concentrate on economic development, social
equity and science and technology.
59. The Ministers emphasised the need
for co-operation in the Energy Sector. They noted that the areas of non-conventional
energy, bio-diesel energy, hydrogen energy and fuel cells, exchange of experience
in generation, transmission and distribution of power as well as energy conservation
and reforms had been identified for co-operation.
60. The Ministers noted
that the IBSA Health Sector Senior Officials meeting will be held in Brazil, from
28-29 March 2005. This meeting will develop a framework for an IBSA Implementation
Plan on Health. It was further agreed that the IBSA Health Ministers will meet
on the margins of the upcoming World Health Assembly (WHA) meeting in Geneva,
in May 2005. The Ministers will consider adopting a framework for an IBSA Implementation
Plan on Health.
IBSA FACILITY FOR HUNGER AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION
The Ministers reviewed progress made with regard to the operationalisation of
the IBSA Facility for Hunger and Poverty Alleviation. They furthermore reviewed
progress that had been made in addressing certain operational issues aimed at
strengthening project implementation and future delivery. The criteria for the
submission and evaluation of projects were discussed, as were certain practical
guidelines for the functioning of the Board of Directors of the Facility.
The Ministers once again emphasised the financial commitment of their Governments
to the Facility and agreed that they would extend invitations for participation
in the funding of this South-South initiative. They noted with approval that the
implementation of the Guinea-Bissau project was on schedule and discussed the
possibility of initiating other projects. The Ministers expressed optimism that
the launching of the project in Guinea-Bissau would help raise the profile of
the Fund, especially among the private sector and civil society, and thereby encouraged
63. The Ministers agreed that IBSA would approach
the Palestinian Authority with an offer to assist it with its reconstruction efforts.
The Ministers also agreed that each member country would commit an additional
amount of US$ 1 million to the IBSA Fund.
65. The Foreign Ministers of Brazil
and India expressed their deep gratitude to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of
South Africa for convening the Second Meeting of the Trilateral Commission and
noted the special privilege of having had the opportunity to meet and interact
with President Thabo Mbeki. The three Ministers agreed that the next meeting will
be held in Brazil in 2006.