the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Brazil, South Africa and India, in Brasília,
on 6th June 2003.
1 - The Foreign Ministers of Brazil, Celso Amorim, of
South Africa, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, and of India, Yashwant Sinha, met in Brasilia
on June 6, 2003, following ongoing consultations and after the respective Heads
of State and/or Government of their countries held conversations during the G-8
meeting, in Evian.
2 - This was a pioneer meeting of the three countries
with vibrant democracies, from three regions of the developing world, active on
a global scale, with the aim of examining themes on the international agenda and
those of mutual interest. In the past few years, the importance and necessity
of a processof dialogue amongst developing nations and countries of the South
3 - The Foreign Ministers of Brazil, South Africa and India
gave special consideration to the importance of respecting the rule of International
Law, strengthening the United Nations and the Security Council and prioritizing
the exercise of diplomacy as a means to maintain international peace and security.
They reaffirmed the need to combat threats to international peace and security
in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and with the legal instruments
to which Brazil, India and South Africa are parties.
4 - They agreed on
the need to reform the United Nations, in particular the Security Council. In
this regard, they stressed the necessity of expanding the Security Council in
both permanent and non-permanent member categories, with the participation of
developing countries in both categories. They agreed to combine efforts in order
to enhance the effectiveness of the General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council of the United Nations.
5 - They noted that new threats to security
- such as terrorism, in all its forms and manifestations, drugs and drug-related
crimes, transnational organized crime, illegal weapons traffic, threats to public
health, in particular HIV/AIDS, natural disasters, and the maritime transit of
toxic chemicals and radioactive waste - must be handled with effective, coordinated
and solidary international cooperation, in the concerned organizations based on
respect for the sovereignty of States and for International Law.
6 - The
Ministers highlighted the priority placed by the three governments on the promotion
of social equity and inclusion, by implementing effective policies to fight hunger
and poverty, to support family run farms, and to promote food security, health,
social assistance, employment, education, human rights and environmental protection.
They recalled that social empowerment makes better use of human potentials, contributing
to economic development in a significant manner. The Ministers recommended that
the exchange of experiences in combating poverty, hunger and disease in the three
countries would be of immense use to all of them. They recognized the importance
of international effort to combat hunger. The three countries recognized and undertook
to explore a trilateral food assistance program.
7 - The Foreign Ministers
stressed the importance, for equity reasons as well as for development goals,
to address issues related to the elimination of all kinds of racial discrimination
and to promote gender equality and mainstreaming a gender perspective in public
8 - The three Foreign Ministers expressed their satisfaction with
the approval of the Convention on Tobacco Control, in the 56th Health World Assembly,
and committed themselves to make every effort to ratify the Convention on the
shortest period of time. They also committed themselves to promote the main objective
of the Convention - to protect present and future generations against the devastating
consequences of the consumption of tobacco and against exposure to tobacco smoke.
- The Foreign Ministers identified the trilateral cooperation among themselves
as an important tool for achieving the promotion of social and economic development
and they emphasized their intention to give greater impetus to cooperation among
their countries. While noting that their societies have diverse areas of excellence
in science and technology and offer a broad range of potential opportunities for
trade, investment, travel and tourism, they stressed that the appropriate combination
of their best resources will generate the desired synergy. Amongst the scientific
and technological areas in which cooperation can be developed are biotechnology,
alternative energy sources, outer space, aeronautics, information technology and
agriculture. Avenues for greater cooperation in defense matters should also be
explored. The Ministers agreed upon putting forward to their respective governments
that the authorities in charge of the portfolio for science and technology, defense,
transportation and civil aviation, among others, also hold trilateral meetings,
aiming at the creation of concrete cooperation projects.
10 - The Ministers
noted that the new information and communication technologies are transforming
the world at a rapid speed, and in a fundamental way. At the same time, a vast
digital divide exists between the developed and developing countries, which is
adversely affecting the capacity of developing countries to derive optimum benefits
from the globalisation process. They agreed to intensify their cooperation in
ICT, including in international efforts and initiatives towards narrowing the
11 - With respect to environmental issues and sustainable
development, they recognized that the Rio Conference and its Agenda 21, the Millenium
Summit and the Monterrey and Johannesburg Summits, and the Program for the Implementation
of Agenda 21, contain fundamental guidelines to orient the action of their governments
and cooperation initiatives. They reaffirmed that Agenda 21 identifies the major
causes of continuing deterioration of the global environment as unsustainable
patterns of consumption and production and call for the necessary action as contained
in the Johannesburg Program of Implementation. They also highlighted their concern
over the results of atmospheric warming due to the emission of greenhouse gases
and encouraged countries having emission reduction goals in the Kyoto Protocol
to work to bring them into force and fully implement them, as well as urged the
countries which have not signed or ratified the Protocol to do so.
They also reiterated their efforts for the effective implementation of the Convention
on Biological Diversity, especially the rights of countries of origin over their
own genetic resources, as well as the protection of associated traditional knowledge.
The fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the access to, use and
management of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge must be assured
as a way to stimulate social and economic development, as well as the adding of
value and the processing of biodiversity-based resources in megadiverse countries.
In this context, they placed special significance on the negotiation of an international
instrument on benefit sharing under the auspices of the Convention on Biological
Diversity, as agreed at the Johannesburg Summit. They thus expressed their agreement
that the activities of the Group of Like-minded Megadiverse Countries, of which
Brazil, South Africa and India are founding members, should gain even greater
importance. They also emphasised the need to render the relevant parts of the
TRIPS Agreement compatible with the Biological Diversity Convention.
- While welcoming the expansion of economic growth, employment, and social development,
and the accompanying rise in standards of living, in several developing countries
as a result of freer movements of trade, capital, and technology, the Foreign
Ministers of Brazil, India and South Africa expressed their concern that large
parts of the world have not benefited from globalisation. They agreed that globalisation
must become a positive force for change for all peoples, and must benefit the
largest number of countries. In this context, they affirmed their commitment to
pursuing policies, programmes and initiatives in different international forums,
to make the diverse processes of globalization inclusive, integrative, humane,
14 - The Ministers regretted that major trading partners
are still moved by protectionist concerns in their countries' less competitive
sectors. They stressed the need to fully carry out the Doha Development Program
and emphasized how important it is that the results of the current round of trade
negotiations provide especially for the reversal of protectionist policies and
trade-distorting practices, by improving the rules of the multilateral trade system.
They reiterated their expectation that negotiations will gain new political impetus
and that it will be possible to overcome deadlocks on issues of fundamental interest
to developing countries, before the Fifth Ministerial Conference in Cancun. Furthermore,
Brazil, India and South Africa decided to articulate their initiatives of trade
15 - The Foreign Ministers noted with concern the increased
economic vulnerability of developing countries to fluctuations in global prices
of commodities. They affirmed the importance of a predictable, rule-based, and
transparent international trading system, to enable the developing countries to
maximise their development, through gains from enhanced exports of goods and services
of their competitive advantage.
16 - They drew attention to the economic
and social impact suffered by many developing countries in recent years, as a
result of volatile global financial flows. They agreed to strengthen their cooperation
towards making the international financial architecture responsive to development,
and towards increasing its effectiveness in preventing and addressing national
and regional financial crises.
17 - They reiterate their belief that success
in globalization with equity requires good governance, both at the national and
in particular at the international levels, in recognition of the fact that, as
a result of globalization, external factors have become critical in determining
the success or failure of achieving sustainable development.
18 - The Ministers
recommended to their respective Chiefs of State and/or Government the convening
of a summit meeting of the three countries. They also decided to further intensify
dialogue at all levels, when needed, to organize meetings of top officials and
experts responsible for issues of mutual interest.
19 - They decided to
hold regular political consultations on international agenda items, as well as
to exchange information on areas of mutual co-operation in order to coordinate
their positions on issues of common interest. To give expression to issues discussed
and all other matters emerging out of consultations, the Ministers further agreed
to establish a Trilateral Joint Commission. The Foreign Ministries will be the
focal points of the Trilateral Joint Commission and the meetings will be co-chaired
by the three Foreign Ministers. The secretariat facilities will be co-ordinated
by the Secretary in charge of this area in the Foreign Ministry of the host country.
- The Ministers decided to call this group "India, Brazil and South Africa
Dialogue Forum" (IBSA). At the invitation of the Indian Government, the next
meeting is going to take place in New Delhi, within twelve months.
of India and South Africa thanked the Brazilian Minister for convening this first
Brasília, 6th June 2003