Notes on the Press Conference by Deputy Minister Aziz Pahad
on Monday 15 August 2005 on the SADC Ministerial Meeting and Summit from 15 -
18 August 2005 in Gaberone, Botswana
The SADC Silver Jubilee Ordinary Summit
of Heads of State and Government takes place on 17-18 August 2005.
Council of Ministers meeting 15 - 16 August 2005.
Key Agenda Items
of Developments in the region, with special emphasis on the economic, social,
food security and political situation.
- Challenges facing SADC and proposed
priorities for August 2005 to July 2006.
- Poverty alleviation and sustainable
- Agriculture and food security,
- Gender equality,
- HIV and AIDS and other infectious diseases,
- Peace and stability
Union and NEPAD
- Relations with International Co-operating Partners
for finalisation of the candidate-membership status for Madagascar and application
- Appointment of Executive Secretary and Deputy Executive Secretary
Economic growth positive.
In 2004, economic growth
accelerated in the SADC region as GDP grew by 4.1 % against the growth rate of
3.2 percent achieved in 2003.
Economic growth, not homogeneous across the
region. Fastest growing economies in Angola, Mozambique and DRC with growth rates
of 11 percent, 7.8 percent and 6.3 percent, respectively. Botswana, Malawi were
also above Africa's and SADC average growth rates with GDP of 4.8 percent and
4.9 percent, respectively.
GDP growth is attributable to a combination
of factors including the deepening of sound macroeconomic reforms, improved prices
for major export commodities and improvements in agricultural production.
Food Policy Unit [Washington] have found that poverty and malnutrition in sub-Saharan
Africa will worsen if drastic action is not taken on global trade policy and aid.
meet MDGs a 56% investment increase in rural roads, 117% in education, 55% in
clear water and 44% in agricultural research and 8% annual gross domestic product
growth estimated that average.
The RISDP provides a broad policy framework
to deliver on SADC's over-arching objective, namely poverty reduction within the
context of Millennium Development Goals (MDG). To achieve these goals, the RISDP
has also articulated policies for the four Directorates as well as cross-cutting
units such as HIV and AIDS, Gender, Statistics and Environmental issues. The major
goals and objectives as contained in the RISDP through which poverty reduction
will be addressed include the following;
- Achievement of Free Trade
Area (FTA) by 2008
- Establishment of a SADC Customs Union by 2010
of a Common Market by 2016
- Establishment of a Regional Central Bank by
- Attainment of a Monetary Union by 2020 and
of a SADC Single Currency
DRAFT PROTOCOL ON THE FACILITATION OF
MOVEMENT OF PERSONS IN SADC
The SADC Treaty is very clear about the
need to promote sustained economic growth and socio-economic development in the
region. The alleviation of poverty and the improvement of the quality of lives
for our people are the key challenges that we are faced with as a Community.
Ministerial Committee of the Organ (MCO) on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation
considered and approved the Draft Protocol on the Facilitation of Movement of
Persons, which will be tabled at this Summit for signature. This Protocol will
be a catalyst for the integration of the Southern African people.
mandates us, to ensure that "SADC shall eliminate obstacles to the free movement
of capital and labour, goods and services and of people in the region generally
among Member States".
The specific objective is to facilitate entry
into Member States without the need for a visa for a maximum period of 90 (ninety)
days per year.
Deeper integration requires integrated and efficient infrastructure
which will be enhanced through the following key interventions:
- Communications and ICT
- Water, and
other interventions will be implemented in their contributions to the core priority
- Priority areas under infrastructure and services specifically
transport and communications should be allocated adequate funding to support the
regional integration agenda. Resources should not be thinly spread as this minimises
the impact of interventions.
On track of peace
and stability. Consolidation of democracy and rule of law in our region.
application of the SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections
in our Region adopted by Summit last year in Mauritius, in Botswana, Mauritius,
Mozambique, Namibia and Zimbabwe
In October this year, the United Republic
of Tanzania will be holding both presidential and parliamentary elections. Angola
and DRC will hold elections in 2006.
Decision on the Merger of the African
Court of Human and Peoples' Rights and the Court of Justice of the African Union
The Assembly decided that a draft legal instrument
relating to the establishment of the merged court should be completed for consideration
by the next ordinary session of the Executive Council and the Assembly. Ghana
was tasked with this process and to be assisted by Algeria. In addition, it was
decided that all necessary measures for the operationalisation of the African
Court on Human and People's Rights should be taken, including the election of
judges, determination of the budget and activation of the Registry. Heads of State
and Government decided that the seat of the merged Court would be decided by member
states of the Eastern Region. This seat would also serve both as the seat for
the African Court on Human and People's Rights and the Court of Justice of the
PEACE AND STABILITY
adopted by Parliament and there will be a constitutional referendum in November
2006. Constitutional guarantees 50- 50% gender participation in the political
Elections June 2006.
Integration of 7 brigades of the
Defence and Security forces. AU Decision of forcible disarming of ex-FAR and Interahamwe.
SADC Organ decisions to support this.
Voter registration has started in
Kinshasa - over 2 million registered.
Donor response. South Africa's role.
is holding, preparation for elections in 2006.
Relative peace and security
in the region, however some challenges remain, interalia, cross border crime,
trafficking of weapons, airspace and maritime security and terrorism.
deal with the new challenges the first ever SADC CONFERENCE ON DEFENCE AND SECURITY
CO-OPERATION held in Maputo in December 2004.
The AU Protocol re the Peace
and Security Council and the operalisation of its various structures demand that
SADC has a common approach. The Conference discussed the threat of transnational
organised crime, terrorism and mercenarism.
Important to operationalise
to the Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ by developing business plans with
The Conference identified the following as the major sources
of conflict in
Africa and in SADC in particular:
i. Poverty and ignorance;
ii. Governance issues especially ignited by the need for a fair distribution
of wealth and resources;
iii. Symbolism needs, (the need to be recognised
and inclusiveness in the national affairs);
iv. Environmentally induced threats
such as water, population and environmental degradation;
v. Re-emergence of
mercenarism which, in some cases, operate under the guise of private security
vi. The new forms and perceptions of terrorism;
The SADC contingent. Modality report approved. Planning
at an advance stage. The financial, administrative and logistical procedures are
being finalised as well as the MOU on its deployment.
EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
SADC Early Warning concept have been agreed to. There will be a workshop in October
2005 to discuss insecurity and conflict indicators. SADC agreement with UNDP to
implement a Peace Building Project.
SADC Council of Ministers and Summit
will have to consider the implications of some major AFRICAN UNION DECISIONS
Declaration on the Reform of the United Nations. (Assembly/AU/Dec.87(V))
Assembly reaffirmed the Ezulwini Consensus, which is the Common African Position
on the Proposed Reform of the United Nations, adopted by the Executive Council
at its 7th Extraordinary Session from 7-8 March 2005.
The Resolution resolved
to enlarge the Security Council, to accord the new members the same prerogatives
and privileges as the current members, grant Africa two permanent and five non-permanent
seats in the Security Council and to increase its membership from fifteen to twenty
six with eleven additional seats. Of these eleven seats, six will be Permanent
and five Non Permanent. The Permanent seats will be distributed as follows: two
from Africa, two from Asia, one from Latin America and Caribbean States and one
from Western European and other States. The non permanent seats will be distributed
as follows: two from Africa, one from Asia, one from Eastern European States and
one from Latin America & Caribbean States.
The Follow-up Mechanism,
charged with the task of making Africa's views known to other regions of the world
and engaging them for reciprocal support and wide acceptance of the Common African
Position, comprised of the Core Group of Three and a Committee of Fifteen Members
(three representatives per region).
The member states that have expressed
interest in the Permanent seats are South Africa, Libya, Egypt, Nigeria, Kenya
and more recently Angola and The Gambia. Regarding the allocation of seats, some
suggestions were that the seats should be given to the AU who would then allocate
them to member states and that the two smallest African nations should get the
two permanent seats as they have no vested national interests.
- AU Foreign
Minister's agreement with the G4 in meeting in London
- Extra Ordinary Summit
of AU in Addis Ababa decision. SADC has to discuss this issue and get a common
SADC submitted our Report on the Status
of and Prospects for Achieving the MDGs in the SADC Region to NEPAD and AU Commission
as an input into the African Position on the MDGs which was submitted to the AU
Assembly in July, 2005. The Report will subsequently be submitted to the United
Nations General Assembly in September, 2005.
SADC States are facing challenges
in achieving the MDGs by 2015 inter alia, high poverty levels and income inequalities,
persistence food shortages, environmental degradation, HIV and AIDS and other
infectious diseases as well as institutional, policy and resource constraints.
region faces uneven prospects of achieving the MDGs. Significant policy reforms.
These include institutional capacity building, domestication of the MDGs into
country long-term development strategies, effectiveness and transparency in the
management of natural resources through good governance and partnership-building
with all the stakeholders. At the international level a fair international trading
system, a deep and broad debt relief programme and new financial commitments through
grants, are needed.
2005 is the deadline set in the
SADC Declaration on Gender and Development (SDGD) of 1997 for the achievement
of 30% representation of women in all areas of decision-making. More still needs
to be done to meet the commitments that had been targeted to be achieved by 2005.
Status of the representation of women in Parliament, Ministerial and Deputy/Assistant
Ministerial portfolios: Up-dated July 2005
Female Parliamentarian||% Female Ministers||%
Female Deputy / Ass Minister||Last Election||Next
%|| || ||2006|
(Upper House 36%)|
(Lower House 11.7%)
|| 17%|| || ||2005
2004 || 2009|
Africa || 32.75% ||42.9%||47.6%
|| 19 (Sen 6.7%)|
18.8% || ||2003 ||
9.75% ||2001 ||
19% || 5.26% ||2005
Sources: National Reports
view of the slow progress that has been made by most member states, and in order
to facilitate progress for those countries that have achieved the minimum target,
as well as to take account of global and regional development trends, Council
is urgent to take note that it has become necessary to review the 30% target with
a view to raising it to the 50% equity target. This would be in line with the
African Union target, which SADC Member States are party to, and will challenge
slower countries to progress quicker towards achieving gender equity and equality.
Council will discuss the proposal to review the current 30% target in the
SADC Declaration on Gender and Development on the representation of women in the
political and decision-making structures to 50% representation, in order for this
target to be in line with the continental target set at the African Union.
will discuss the proposal to review SADC Declaration on Gender and Development
in a holistic manner and up-grade it into a Protocol on Gender and Development.
Estimates for the 2005/06 indicates that seven Members States
(Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe) are facing
poor crop harvests.
The cereal production in Angola, Lesotho, South Africa
and the United Republic of Tanzania has improved.
Maize surplus of 5.71
million tonnes assessed in South Africa. This indicates that the SADC region will
be self sufficient in maize, despite deficits assessed for Zimbabwe (1.38 million
tonnes) Malawi (781, 000 tonnes) as well as deficits of lesser magnitude assessed
for all other Member States.
TABLE 7: 2005 All Cereals Production Estimates
(in '000 tonnes), compared to 2004 harvest and 5-year average
harvest ||2004 harvest ||%
Africa || 14162||11623||22||11744||21|
|| 67|| 78||-14||71||
Source: SADC FANR Directorate
Decision on the Scale
of Assessment (Assembly/AU/Dec.88(V))
The Session of the Assembly further
decided to adopt the new Scale of Assessment for the AU, which is based on the
principle of capacity to pay of Member States, with a ceiling rate of 15% and
no floor rate. The new scale will come into effect from 01 January 2006 and would
be subject to review every three years upon recommendations from the Ad Hoc Ministerial
Committee. During discussions on the scale, five major contributing countries,
namely Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria and South Africa, pledged to pay the ceiling
rate of 15% of the AU budget. This effectively guarantees 75% of the budget. The
remainder of the Member States will share 25% of the budget based on each individual
country's capacity to pay.
Administrative Secretary and Deputy Administrative
- Three nominations for Administrative Secretary
nominations for Deputy Administrative Secretary