South African Government Support for the Use of Nuclear Power
for Peaceful Use
FOR ORAL REPLY
PUBLISHED IN INTERNAL QUESTION PAPER NO 37 OF 1 NOVEMBER 2005
Mr D J Sithole (ANC) to ask the Minister of Foreign Affairs:
the Government supports the use of nuclear power for peaceful use; if not, why
not; if so, what are the relevant details;
(2) whether the Government
supported both Iran and North Korea to continue their research in this regard
and to use such development to advance their economic and developmental needs;
whether the Government supports the selling of such technology to countries that
have the capability but are refused by other powerful countries to increase their
research and development; if not, why not; if so, what will happen to South Africa's
capabilities in this regard?
(1) South Africa
supports the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes as provided for in Article
IV of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Article IV
of the Treaty states that "Nothing in this Treaty shall be interpreted as
affecting the inalienable right of all Parties to the Treaty to develop research,
production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination
and in conformity with Articles I and II of this Treaty".
Africa supports the right of ALL countries to develop research, production and
use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes only and in conformity with the NPT,
particularly to further advance socio-economic development. At the same time,
South Africa consistently emphasises the importance of full adherence to all nuclear
disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation obligations by all State Parties to
Article III of the NPT requires all non-nuclear-weapon State Parties
to the Treaty to accept comprehensive International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
safeguards in order to enable the Agency to verify the non-diversion of nuclear
energy from peaceful uses to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
South Africa has therefore called on the States not party to the NPT to join the
Treaty and to place all facilities and material under comprehensive IAEA safeguards.
Likewise, South Africa continually emphasises the importance of all States co-operating
closely with the IAEA to enable the Agency to fulfil its statutory mandate and
to provide the necessary assurances that material is not diverted to non-peaceful
(3) As a responsible possessor of advanced technologies, South
Africa supports the sale of such technologies only to countries in full compliance
with their obligations under the NPT and in accordance with the provisions of
the Non-Proliferation of Mass Destruction Act (Act 87 of 1993) and the Nuclear
Energy Act (Act 46 of 1999). South Africa will continue to act on the basis of
principle and in full compliance with its international obligations.