Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo scheduled for
FOR ORAL REPLY
PUBLISHED IN INTERNAL QUESTION PAPER NO 37 OF 1 NOVEMBER 2005
W.J. Seremane (DA) TO ASK THE MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS:
(1) Whether elections
in the Democratic Republic of Congo, scheduled for March 2006, could spark mass
violence owing to a lack of laws guaranteeing free and fair polls and good governance;
If not, why not; if so, what steps will be taken to remedy the situation?
(1) No. A legislative framework to ensure free and
fair elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been established.
(2) The legislative framework for the electoral period includes a series
of laws that have been adopted or are in the process of being finalised to ensure
a credible and viable process. Required elements of the legal framework that are
in place include the laws on the referendum, nationality and voter registration.
The draft electoral law, determining the major rules of the organisation of elections,
will be adopted after the constitutional referendum on 18 December 2005. The Draft
Constitution, passed by Parliament on 13 May 2005, forms the foundation for a
democratic electoral process. On 18 June 2005, 186 of the 221 registered political
parties signed a code of conduct prepared by the DRC's Independent Electoral Commission,
outlining the principles for conducting the electoral process in a transparent,
equitable, credible and non-violent manner. The referendum for the constitution
is scheduled for December.