South African Government, as the current Chairperson of the
African Union Post-Conflict and Reconstruction Committee (PCRC) in Sudan, Support
towards the Deployment of United Nations Troops to the Province of Darfur
FOR ORAL REPLY
QUESTION NO: 61
IN INTERNAL QUESTION PAPER NO 17 OF 31 MAY 2005
Mr DHM Gibson (DA) to ask
the Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Whether, as the current Chairperson of the
African Union Post-Conflict and Reconstruction Committee (PCRC) in Sudan, the
Government will support the deployment of United Nations troops to the province
of Darfur; if not, why not; if so, what steps will the Government take to ensure
that this takes place?
17 of the Protocol Establishing the Peace and Security Council describes the relationship
between the AU and the United Nations. Article 17 (2) in particular notes that
where necessary, recourse will be made to the United Nations to provide the necessary
financial, logistical and military support for the African Unions' activities
in the promotion and maintenance of peace, security and stability in Africa, in
keeping with the provisions of Chapter VIII of the UN Charter on the role of Regional
Organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security.
would therefore be a natural progression for the AMIS to be turned into a United
Nations Mission, as the United Nations recognises its responsibility regarding
conflict areas in Africa.
This process has in fact already begun. The Secretary-General
of the UN has reported to the UNSC on the situation in Darfur. He contended that
the strengthening of AMIS is necessary to ensure stability in Darfur. He proposed
that the UN assist the AU by offering its technical assistance and training to
bolster AMIS. The Security Council welcomed the SG's proposals and called on donors
to continue their support for the AU operation.
After this report to the
UN, Mr Kofi Annan met with the Chairperson of the African Union Commission in
Addis Ababa for a Pledging Conference for AMIS, which was held in Addis Ababa
on 26 May 2005. The idea to host this Conference followed on the decision taken
by the AU Peace and Security Council of 28 April 2005, authorising the further
enhancement of AMIS to a full operational capability of 6,171 military personnel,
with an appropriate civilian component, including up to 1,560 civilian police,
by the end of September 2005.
Therefore, South Africa supports any decision
of the AU or UN regarding additional troops.