Use by South Africa of its Membership of the United Nations
Security Council to advance the Cause of Peace in Africa and the World
FOR ORAL REPLY
QUESTION NO: 331
IN INTERNAL QUESTION PAPER NO 35 OF 24 OCTOBER 2006
MR D.H.M GIBSON
(DA) TO ASK THE MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS:
(1) Whether South Africa
will use its membership of the United Nations Security Council to advance the
cause of peace in Africa and the world, in particular (a) to help in respect of
the (I) Darfur crisis and (ii) Zimbabwe situation and (b) to find a permanent
solution to the Middle East problem; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant
(1) The United Nations Security Council
was established to maintain international peace and security. In accordance with
Article 24 (1) of the Charter of the United Nations, members of the United Nations
confer on the Security Council the primary responsibility for the maintenance
of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties
under this responsibility the Security Council acts on their behalf. The newly
elected South Africa will join other members of the Council in the execution of
(2) Election of South Africa to the Security Council provides
an opportunity for South Africa to advance the consolidation of the African Agenda.
However, in advancing this objective, South Africa will also be cognisant of the
requirement that members of the Council are to be seized with all issues on the
agenda of the Council in a balanced manner.
(3) South Africa as an African
member of the Council, in pursuing the consolidation of the African Agenda towards
the realisation of the African renaissance, will work towards the resolution of
all African conflicts. To achieve the objective it will also be guided by the
positions of the African Union on these matters. Zimbabwe is currently not on
the agenda of the Security Council and is dealt with through other fora.
The approach of South Africa to global affairs is also informed by the belief
that the multilateral system of global governance remains the only hope to address
challenges facing humanity. In this regard, South Africa will continue to add
its weight towards ensuring that the Security Council continues to discharge its
primary responsibility conferred to it by Article 24 of the Charter of the United
Nations. The Middle East situation will be dealt with in this context.
It will be recalled that South Africa has consistently maintained that there can
be no solution to the Middle East situation without a resolution of the broader
Palestinian question, as well as the Lebanese and Syrian tracks of the peace process.
South Africa will therefore continue to seek the resolution of conflicts within
the multilateral framework, in particular through the Security Council.