Statement on behalf of the Group of 77 and China, at the Contact Group of the 10th Part of the 2nd Session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP2-10), Bonn, Germany, 31 August 2015
1. Thank you for giving me the floor. I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Group of 77 and China. The Group also wishes to thank you for preparing the Non-Paper as a tool to guide our work during this session.
2. Firstly, Co-Chairs, the Group believes that we need to accelerate the pace of our work if we are to successfully fulfil our mandate from Durban by the end of this year. However, in order to make progress, we need more clarity on the process at this session and the desired outcome. In this regard, the Group is of the view that we need a negotiating text from this session to be the basis of further work. To achieve this, the process we follow must prioritise balance, party ownership and effective working methods.
3. Although the clustering of issues is helpful in focusing our attention to the key issues that will need to be resolved, the Group is of the view that the manner in which many issues have been placed has resulted in the document being unbalanced. Many issues such as principle of CBDR, linkage between action by developing country Parties and support by developed country Parties, institutions on adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity-building, loss and damage, response measures and scope of contributions, which are important to the Group are now found in Part III, creating the impression that there is doubt about whether they need to be included in the agreement, or that they may be too controversial or difficult to be agreed on in Paris at all.
4. The Paris outcome must not be mitigation-centric and must address all the elements mandated by the Durban decision (mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer, capacity-building and transparency of action and support), as well as loss and damage and response measures in a balanced manner.
5. To make progress here in Bonn, it is very important that we gain clarity on the mandate and working methods of the facilitators, which must be consistent across the different sections.
6. Parties should also seek to exchange views with each other, not just with the Co-Chairs and facilitators, as this process is and should remain a Party-driven process.
7. In order to ensure that the engagement between Parties is constructive, the Group needs to be given sufficient time and opportunity to coordinate its positions. At the previous session evening coordination was turned into negotiation time, which has hampered the ability of our Group to work on consolidating our proposals. Therefore when the Group requests additional coordination time, we trust that it will be understood.
8. The G77 also firmly believes that progress on pre-2020 ambition is crucial for the success of Paris and will lay a solid foundation for the implementation and ambition of post-2020 enhanced action. Not only do we need to have sufficient time-slots to work on the elements for a draft decision on Workstream II, but the sessions devoted to this work should not take place in parallel with Workstream I sessions where the relevant experts are involved.
9. The Group of 77 and China regards Workstream II on pre-2020 ambition as an integral part of the ADP mandate that has direct bearing on the successful adoption of the 2015 agreement. Workstream II is essentially about accelerating the implementation of existing commitments and obligations and ways to promote enhanced ambition. Progress in Workstream II will be critical for an agreement in Paris. We look forward to engaging constructively and proactively and making significant progress on the Workstream II decision at this session.
10. Finally, we would like to thank all the contributing Parties that have provided resources for this meeting and appeal for additional resources to be allocated for future meetings, in a way that supports the adequate representation of delegates from developing countries. At this meeting many delegations are handicapped due to their being underrepresented. All efforts must be made to leave no-one behind.
11. Finally, the Group wishes to make it clear that the UNFCCC process is the only forum where the negotiations on the Paris outcome can take place.