Statement by Her Excellency Dr Nkosazana Dlamini
Zuma, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Africa to the Second
South Summit, Doha Qatar 16 June 2005
Our Esteemed Host and the Emir of
the State of Qatar, His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani;
Prime Minister of Jamaica, Mr PJ Patterson, Chair of the Group of 77 and China;
Heads of State and Government and Leaders of Delegation;
President of the
59th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, His Excellency Jean Ping,
Foreign Minister of Gabon;
Ladies and Gentlemen.
is an honour for me to address the Second South Summit of the Group of 77 and
China on behalf of President Thabo Mbeki and the People of South Africa.
wish to express our gratitude on the Government and the People of the State of
Qatar for their hospitality. We also wish to thank the honourable PJ Patterson,
for his leadership of the Group of 77 and China.
years ago when we met at First South Summit in Havana, Cuba, we recommitted ourselves
to a stronger multilateral system, a strengthened system of South-South cooperation,
and sought new ways to intensify dialogue with the countries of the North.
global developments since Havana, our meeting here today has taken on even greater
significance. No one can doubt that the multilateral system is under great strain.
President Mbeki stated in Havana, South-South cooperation must also encourage
an extensive system of bilateral relations to strengthen our collective capacity
to represent ourselves relative to the countries of the North.
should not simply be a matter of increasing our bargaining strength, it should
also address the central issue of the elaboration of a word agenda for human centred
development," said President Mbeki.
Since Havana, we have met in various
capitals in an effort to build on this people-centred development agenda. For
example, we convened in Johannesburg for the World Summit on Sustainable Development,
in Doha for the WTO Development Round, and in Monterey to discuss Finance for
Africa has developed NEPAD as its collective people-centred
development programme. We have put together all of the ideas and what is now needed
is the requisite resources to implement what we have agreed upon.
financial and technological resources are the critical elements. Whilst we should
look to the North for debt cancellation, increased development aid and the completion
of the Doha Development Round, it is just as important to strengthen our own South-South
Among us, we have all the natural resources that we need for
development-oil, gas, most of the strategic mineral resources, agricultural resources,
some of the cutting-edge technologies especially in ICT and other areas. We have
the human resources, and we have the markets as well.
What is crucial is
that whilst co-operating with the North, we must strengthen South-South cooperation
in order to turn these natural resources into wealth.
We can develop our
human resources, share technology, invest and trade amongst ourselves. We also
need to link the MDGs to the Beijing Platform of Action, which is an agreed programme
to put women at the core of a people-centred development agenda. Tourism is very
important for jobs, but more importantly for knowing one another's countries and
for people to people cooperation.
Of course we are doing some of these but
we need to strengthen and intensify South-South cooperation. We have already initiated
efforts to build on our cooperation in areas such as health, human resource development,
and technology sharing, and to consolidate our partnerships at sub-regional and
For example, the Asia-Africa strategic partnership and
the India, Brazil, South Africa tripartite alliance and the Caricom-AU, to mention
The challenge that remains for this Summit is to accelerate cooperation
in our development mechanisms to bind together the countries of the South. We
face the same challenges and share similar aspirations for economic development,
the eradication of poverty, and the combating of communicable diseases such as
malaria, tuberculosis and HIV and AIDS.
dialogue with the North, including the G8 has improved over the last few years.
The flow of financial capital, debt cancellation and opening of markets in the
North would help us to attain the MDGs. The Meeting of the G8 Countries scheduled
for Gleneagles, Scotland is important to the advancement of the agenda of the
South, especially in light of the resource needs for the implementation of initiatives
such as the NEPAD (Africa Action Plan adopted in Kannanaskis, Canada).
this year's meeting, the G8 is expected to address debt cancellation for developing
countries, since they have announced the cancellation of the debt of 18 of the
poorest countries, and 22 other to follow. We hope this dialogue will in time
produce more concrete results. More importantly, developing countries also need
predictable inflows of resources to meet their basic needs and achieve sustainable
In September our leaders will
travel to New York for the Summit to Review the Millennium Declaration and the
Implementation of the Millennium Development Goals.
We wish to thank Secretary-General
Kofi Annan for having prepared a report for this Summit.
The President of
the UN General Assembly, His Excellency Jean Ping, has presented Member States
with a draft outcome document that captures many of the concerns of the developing
A number of critical decisions about the survival of the United
Nations and the strengthening of the multilateral system will have to be taken
at the September Summit. The United Nations still reflects the political landscape
of 1945. The need for reforming the UN has been recognised and discussed for many
A reformed UN will benefit the South more than the North if approached
in a comprehensive way. In this regard, UN reform must include the strengthening
of the General Assembly and ECOSOC and sensitising the Bretton Woods Institutions
to the UN development agenda.
We believe that development must be at the
centre of the decisions taken in September. Together with the decisions on development,
the September Summit will also have to take crucial decisions on peace and security,
such as the reform of the Security Council, including its working methods and
the expansion of the Council in both permanent and non-permanent categories.
reform of the major organs of the UN is long overdue and we believe it must be
done in an inclusive and democratic manner. The African Union, in its determination
that the marginalised people of Africa should be fully represented in all the
decision-making organs of the UN, acted with unity of purpose to engage in the
current UN reform process. African member states forged a common African position
on the reform of the UN, also known as the Ezulwini Consensus.
strength of the G77 affords us the means to ensure that reform is effected. The
people we represent look up to us to meet the challenges of poverty and insecurity
in a comprehensive way and to ensure that human rights are dealt with in an impartial
and non-selective manner.
Whilst we serve our people and therefore cannot
avoid national interests, we must look at the needs of humanity as a whole. Arriving
at a reform package that serves all of humanity will always be difficult so we
might as well seize the opportunity to do it now. We, the countries of the South,
cannot afford to miss this historic opportunity. We owe it to future generations
to bequeath to them a better United Nations than the one we found.