Statement by H.E. Mr. Aziz Pahad, Deputy Minister of Foreign
Affairs of the Republic of South Africa on behalf of Group of 77 and China to
the Opening Ceremony of the Ministerial Meeting of the Coordinating Bureau of
the Non-Aligned Movement, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 29 May 2006
Hon Prime Minister
Dato Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Prime Minister of Malaysia
Hon Deputy Prime
Minister Dato' Sri Mohd Najib Abdul Razak
Hon Syed Hamid Albar, Minister of
Foreign Affairs of Malaysia
Ministers of Foreign Affairs
behalf of the Group of 77 and China, allow me to express our deepest appreciation
to the Government and people of Malaysia for hosting this important meeting at
a very crucial and challenging time facing all humanity.
At the Millennium
Summit in September 2000, the Heads of State and Government declared that central
challenge we face "is to ensure that globalization becomes a positive force
for all the world's people. For while globalization offers great opportunities,
at present its benefits are very unevenly shared, while its costs are unevenly
Six years later, the global situation has not changed
and millions of people are still living below the poverty line. The imbalance
in the decision and policy making processes of the global trade, economic and
financial institutions continue to weaken the world's response to poverty and
underdevelopment. Many developing countries, especially those in sub-Saharan Africa,
will not meet the Millennium Development Goals we set ourselves just a few years
Of even greater concern is that the multilateral system that allows
us to respond collectively to these challenges is itself under threat. This makes
it more important than ever, that the Group 77 and China and the Non-Aligned Movement
should work together in defending the multilateral system; fighting poverty and
underdevelopment; maintaining peace and stability; and restructuring the global
exercise of economic and political power.
We can only make progress if we
strengthen the role, capacity, effectiveness and efficiency of the United Nations
and improve its performances in order for it to realize its full potential in
accordance with the purpose and principles of the Charter.
The Group of
77 and China supports the proposals of the Secretary-General that will help strengthen
the ability of the United Nations to implement its mandates and effectively deliver
on all its programmes. We are committed to working with the Secretary-general
and the President of the General assembly to achieve the reform of the United
Nations within the inter-governmental framework that the Organization provides.
We believe that the reform should be meaningful, strengthen the ability of the
Organization to implement its mandates effectively and enable it to serve the
interests of the collective membership. A stronger United Nations that responds
more effectively to our collective needs is in our common interest.
the Group of 77 and China remains committed to the implementation of all the outcomes
of all the major UN conferences and summits, including the 2005 World Summit Outcome.
We attach high importance to the full implementation of commitments, in particular
those in the economic, social and related fields. It is for this reason that we
remain concerned at the slow progress in the implementation of the 2005 World
Summit Outcome decisions, in particular those regarding development and the strengthening
of the Economic and Social Council.
The biggest challenge for the United
Nations has been the spending cap that has been imposed on the Secretary-General
in carrying out his duties. We regret the exceptional and unprecedented measure
of restricting the expenditures of the Organization by authorizing the Secretary-General
only to enter into expenditures limited to fifty per cent of the approved budget
for 2006. To avoid a crisis within the UN and in its operational activities around
the world, the Group of 77 and China expects that the spending cap will be automatically
lifted at the end of June 2006 when the Secretary-General requests more resources
to fulfill his mandate.
Developing countries have always insisted that
the Secretary-General should receive adequate, predictable and uninterrupted resources
to undertake effectively the work of the Organization. The financial stability
of the United Nations must not be jeopardized.
On Secretariat and Management
Reform, the Group of 77 and China has supported reforms adopted so far by the
General Assembly, including increasing the investigation capacity of the Office
of Internal Oversight Services; the creation of a UN ethics office; and the development
of a whistle-blower policy. We initiated some of these reforms, including the
request for a report on the review of the procurement policies, because of our
desire for a stronger United Nations.
The Group of 77 and China remains
ready to engage constructively with other Member States in an open, transparent
and inclusive manner, to achieve the necessary reforms to the United Nations as
mandated by the 2005 World Summit Outcome.
A stronger and more efficient
United Nations is the only hope for addressing the global challenges we face.
And as the Group of 77 and China declared in the Second South Summit Doha Plan
of Action "unity and solidarity among countries of the South is an indispensable
element in the defense of our right to development and for the creation of a more
just and equitable international order and for preserving and nurturing the policy
space necessary for developing countries to pursue their development objectives."
I would like to take this opportunity to pay tribute to Malaysia for their
excellent chairmanship of the NAM and welcome Cuba as the incoming Chair.
conclusion, allow me Chairperson on behalf of the Group of 77 and China to express
our condolences to the Government and the people of Indonesia for the earthquake
tragedy that claimed many lives in the Java Province.
I thank you.
of Foreign Affairs
Private Bag X152
29 May 2006