Notes following Briefing by Deputy Minister Aziz Pahad, Media
Centre Union Buildings, Pretoria, Thursday 21 September 2006
major developments have preceded the 61st session of the United Nations General
Assembly that is currently underway in New York: the first was the 14th Summit
of Heads of State and Government of the Non Aligned Movement (NAM) and the second
was the inaugural Heads of State and Government Summit of the India-Brazil-South
Africa (IBSA) trilateral forum.
Non Aligned Movement Summit
14th NAM Summit reaffirmed that the NAM movement is as relevant as it has ever
been - with a membership of 118 countries it has a great capacity to work cohesively
and with solidarity in the interests of the agenda of the South.
Summit consolidated the relevance of the Movement. The Summit identified that
great challenges exist in the areas of peace and security, economic development
and social progress, human rights and the rule of law. Many new areas of concern
and challenges have emerged which warrant commitment to uphold and defend the
purposes and principles of the Charter of the UN and the principles of international
- It is commonly accepted that we live in a more dangerous
world than ever before, one in which there is a continuing lack of resources and
underdevelopment, continuing lack of cooperation of and where coercive and unilateral
measures are imposed. Rich and powerful nations continue to exercise an inordinate
influence in determining the nature of international relations, including economic
and trade relations.
- The Movement reaffirmed support for its guiding
principals and will uphold the principles of sovereignty equality, territorial
integrity and non-intervention in the internal affairs of any State.
Movement will develop friendly relations based on respect for principle of equal
rights and the self-determination of people, achieve international cooperation
in solving international problems and promote and encourage respect for human
rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction.
we have returned from Havanna having reasserted the core values that have driven
the Movement since its founding in 1962.
- Global peace and security
continue to elude humankind as result of, inter alia, increasing tendency to resort
to unilateralism and unilaterally imposed measures, non-fulfilment of the commitments
and obligations assumed under the relevant international legally binding instruments
especially on weapons of mass destruction and conventional weapons treaties, terrorism,
conflicts, violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, the
use of double standards and the failure to fulfil commitments in the economic
and social fields.
- The gathering concluded that globalisation
presents opportunities, challenges and risks and has produced uneven benefits
among and within States, slow and lopsided growth and instability. Globalisation
must be transformed into a positive force benefiting the largest number of countries,
generate global strategy to prioritise the development dimension into global processes,
benefit from the opportunities offered by globalisation and trade liberalisation,
which requires greater coherence between the international trading, monetary and
financial systems that should be open, equitable, rule-based, predictable and
- There is an increasingly vast and widening
digital divide between developed and developing countries, which must be bridged.
Technological innovations must be made more easily available to modernise and
- In this regard, while the majority of countries
in the movement are underdeveloped, there are countries in NAM like South Africa,
India, South Korea, Nigeria that are at quite advanced stages of development.
There therefore exists the opportunity, for countries such as these, to co-operate
amongst themselves to work in the best interests of facilitating the development
of the South.
- We also spent a lot of time discussing the methodology
of the Movement and to make it more relevant to the current global paradigm. I
want to believe that many of the issues discussed at the NAM will have a resonance
at the United Nations General Assembly currently underway.
will be a stronger cohesion amongst Heads of State and Government at the UNGA
61 to support multilateralism, preventing unilateral actions, and ensure the reform
of the United Nations in its totality.
- NAM has emerged from this
session as a greater force.
- The issues of Iraq, Iran, Palestine
were all dealt with in a manner that will guide the way in which these issues
are addressed at the UNGA 61.
- I want to believe that we emerged
stronger from the Havanna Summit
India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA)
- This inaugural meeting of the Heads of State and Government
of India, Brazil and South Africa dealt with many of the same issues as
the NAM and UNGA 61.
- The three leaders discussed sustainable economic
and social development in the world and their respective regions, multilateralism,
the reform of the United Nations and the Security Council. They also expressed
concern at the latest failure in the Doha Round of Trade negotiations and expressed
hope that the matter will be resolved before it leads to the complete collapse
of the international trading system with all its consequences.
leaders also committed themselves to working within the framework of UNGA and
NAM to pursue United Nations reform. India and Brazil have both indicated their
candidatures for a permanent security council seat. The African Union has not
yet decided on an African candidate as it is awaiting details on the exact size
of the expansion of the Security Council.
- The leaders condemned
terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. They stressed that there can be
no justification, whatsoever, for any act of terrorism. They shared the view that
the international community should intensity efforts and co-operation to fight
this scourge. They called on all member states to seriously work towards an expeditious
finalization of the text for a comprehensive convention on international terrorism.
This matter is long overdue and has been reinforced by the NAM declaration on
terrorism. I believe with these developments we are now firmly on the road to
comprehensively fighting terrorism.
- The leaders also committed
themselves to further enhancing trilateral cooperation in the field of HIV/AIDS,
Malaria and Tuberculosis and to explore the possibilities of concluding a trilateral
instrument for collaboration among all three countries for research and development
of HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis diagnostic tools, drugs and vaccines. This
would pool the significant capabilities that exist in the IBSA countries.
Brazil and South Africa share similar views regarding the importance of achieving
sustainable development, particularly through the eradication of poverty, the
promotion of economic growth and the protection of the environment and urged the
donor countries to meet their Official Development Assistance targets and to mobilize
new and additional financial resources.
- The Prime Minister of
India and the Presidents of Brazil and South Africa took stock of the global security
situation concerning disarmament and non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
(WMD). The leaders reiterated their commitment to the goal of complete elimination
of nuclear weapons. They emphasized the necessity to start negotiations on a phased
programme for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons in a comprehensive,
non-discriminatory and verifiable manner with a specified framework of time. The
leaders reaffirmed the inalienable right of all countries to have nuclear technology
for peaceful purposes, consistent with their international legal obligations.
The leaders agreed to explore approaches to co-operation in the peaceful uses
of nuclear energy under appropriate safeguards.
- In this regard,
the NAM Summit issued a special declaration on the Iranian nuclear situation and
supported the position of the IBSA Heads of State and Government.
IBSA Summit also looked at the collapse of the WTO's Doha Trade Negotiatons. Failure
to conclude the negotiations in accordance with the mandate will deprive developing
countries of fair and equitable conditions for fully realizing their Right to
Development. Distortions affecting agricultural trade and production should be
expeditiously eliminated and agriculture should be fully incorporated into the
rules of the multilateral trading system. They called upon countries that have
not yet done so to substantially and effectively reduce their expenditures on
agricultural subsidies. India, Brazil and South Africa shall spare no effort to
resume the suspended negotiations.
- The leaders reviewed initiatives
for trilateral sectoral cooperation and expressed deep satisfaction with new,
concrete results achieved during the 1st IBSA Summit in the areas of Energy, Agriculture,
Transportation, Trade, Science and Technology and Information Society. They decided
to further explore additional opportunities for trilateral cooperation.
Heads of State and Government expressed their deep satisfaction with the signing,
during the 1st IBSA Summit, of the IBSA Action Plan on Trade Facilitation for
Standards, Technical Regulations and Conformity Assessment.
expressed their full support and commitment to the expeditious establishment of
the Working Group to focus on the modalities for the envisaged India-Mercosur-SACU
Trilateral Free Trade Area.
- They reaffirmed, in parallel, the
importance of ongoing India-Mercosur and Mercosur-SACU negotiations with a view
to broadening and deepening existing Tariff Preference Agreements.
Business Forum held ahead of the Summit was concluded successfully. We do believe
however, that the representation by Brazil and India was not matched by South
- A Memorandum of Understanding on Biofuels was signed,
with the decision to create a Trilateral Task Force on Biofuels to work on concrete
areas of common interest.
- The Prime Minister of India and the
President of South Africa praised the Ethanol international initiative launched
by Brazil and agreed on the need to work together to promote and enhance the use
of ethanol and biodiesel.
- The Heads of State and Government agreed
that the Memorandum of Understanding on Trilateral Cooperation in Agriculture
and Allied Fields, signed during the IBSA Summit, will be an important instrument
to promote socio-economic development and South-South cooperation.
Heads of State and Government welcomed the signing of the IBSA Trilateral Agreement
Concerning Merchant Shipping and Other Maritime Transport Related Matters.
also emphasized the importance of implementing the Memorandum of Understanding
on Civil Aviation as soon as possible, through the establishment of regular air
services linking India, Brazil and South Africa. They encouraged airlines from
the three countries to continue working towards this goal.
Heads of State and Government expressed their satisfaction with the signing of
an IBSA Framework of Cooperation on Information Society, which provides the basis
for future trilateral work aiming at reducing the digital divide in their societies.
Heads of State and Government emphasized the fact that the IBSA Facility Fund
constitutes a pioneer and unique initiative of South-South cooperation. In this
regard, they expressed their satisfaction with the initiatives in Guinea-Bissau
and Haiti. The Prime Minister of India and the Presidents of Brazil and South
Africa underscored their countries' commitment to allocate at least US$ 1 million
a year to the IBSA Facility Fund. IBSA members encourage developing countries,
particularly the Least Developing Countries, to submit projects to the IBSA Fund.
- 2nd Summit of the IBSA Dialogue Forum will be hosted by South
Africa, on a date to be set through diplomatic channels.
- I believe
the IBSA and NAM Summits have laid a firm foundation through which we can interact
on the agenda of the South. We should now move into the arena of concretizing
- It is my hope that the South African
private sector will take advantage of the opportunities being presented through
these dynamic initiatives.
Visit to South Africa by Indian Prime
Minister Dr Manmohan Singh
- South African President Thabo Mbeki
will host Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh on his first official visit
to South Africa scheduled from Saturday - Tuesday, 30 September - 3 October 2006.
Africa and India share a strategic partnership in developing the agenda of the
South and the visit will take place within the context of South Africa's commitment
to consolidate South-South relations for increased market and trade access.
visit will help us consolidate the outcomes of the NAM and IBSA Summits and share
perspectives of South-South co-operation
- Issues on the agenda of
discussions between President Mbeki and Prime Minister Singh at the Union Buildings
are expected to include, among others:
- Bilateral political and
economic relations between both countries;
- Consolidation of the outcomes
of the IBSA and NAM Summits with a view to fast-tracking the developmental agenda
of the South;
- Outcomes of the 61st session of the United Nations General
Assembly including the comprehensive reform of the United Nations;
developmental issues, peace and security on the Continent - in this regard we
hope that India will follow some of the other Asian giants and become more involved
- This is a very important visit for us and will also
give Prime Minister Singh an opportunity to, together with President Thabo Mbeki,
commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Satyagraha philosophy
by Mohandas (Mahatma) Ghandi in South Africa. This will be a wonderful opportunity
to pay tribute to Mahatma Ghandi's historical legacy.
- While in
South Africa, Prime Minister Singh will also visit sites in Kwazulu Natal in Durban
of particular relevance to Mahatma Ghandi and interact with the members of the
South Africa - India CEOs Forum chaired by Patrice Motsepe and Ratan Tata in Johannesburg.
Trade between South Africa and India continues to grow. In
2005, total bilateral trade approached a level of R14.5 billion, with imports
from India at R7.02 billion and exports to India at R7.5 billion. India currently
ranks as South Africa's 13th most important export market and the 13th most important
The sheer size of the Indian economy (14th largest manufacturing
economy in the world) gives it an influential position in the global market in
which South Africa has a key interest. Since South Africa and India have similar
developmental challenges, their collective capacity in bargaining and voicing
concerns that affect their economies in international forums is made highly effective.
As a key emerging regional economy, India provides a platform for the re-integration
of the South African economy with that of South Asia.
closer co-operation in the following sectors have been identified and form part
of South Africa's trade development agenda in India:
- Capital equipment
- Agro-processed product
- Autos and components
While economic relations
between both countries are strong and healthy, we believe there is room for this
to be increased.
We will also look at defence co-operation between both
countries. This is already quite substantive but again, there is room for growth.
between South Africa and India being presently negotiated
- Free Trade
Framework Agreement/ Preferential Trade Agreement (SACU);
- MoU on Co-operation
in the field of Agriculture;
- MoU on Information and Communications Technology;
- Agreement on the Promotion of Investment;
- MoU between the South
African and Indian Foreign Service Institutes.
Investment Indian investments
in South Africa have grown in quantity as well as diversity. Investors include
Tata (vehicles, IT, investment in ferro-chrome); Mahindras (utility vehicles);
and a number of pharmaceutical companies, including Ranbaxy, CIPLA, etc. In 2004,
Coromandal of India acquired 2.5% stake in Poskor; the Tata Group has 26% participation
in the Second National Operator in the telecom sector approved by government in
2005. Their ferro-chrome plant in Richards Bay has received the go-ahead and they
are also interested in moving into power generation and mining in due course.
A JV is reported to have been set up between Adlab Films, India and Pan African
Strategic Investments to produce films, bringing an estimated R 50 million of
investment to South Africa. In January 2006, Apollo Tyres acquired Dunlop SA in
a R500 million deal; and Indro Power Supply announced its plans to list on the
JSE and to build a terminal to ship coal and iron-ore to India and China. In July
2006, Godrej Consumer Products Ltd signed an agreement to acquire the Rapidol,
which had turnover of R 52 million in 2005. Ashok Leyland plans to invest R 50
million in a motor assembly plant in KwaZulu-Natal. The UB Group of India also
has a limited investment in the hotel business.
South African investments
in India are growing. SABreweries has acquired a majority interest in Mysore Breweries
(US$ 17.5 million); Shoprite has established an outlet in Mumbai; the Durban businessman
Mr Vivian Reddy has plans to invest in a casino project in Haryana in partnership
with former Indian cricketer Kapil Dev. In February 2006, ACSA won the contract
for upgrading the Mumbai Airport; SASOL is keen to invest in a coal-to-fuel project
in India; and several South African pharmaceutical companies have signed JV and
other agreements with Indian counterparts.
The South Africa - India CEOs
- The Indo - South Africa CEOs Business Forum was
launched in October 2004 after the State Visit of President Kalam to South Africa.
The Forum is aimed at stimulating trade and investment between both countries.
second meeting of the CEOs Forum took place in Mumbai on 2 May 2005 and was chaired
by Patrice Motsepe and Rattan Tata. The Forum identified the following areas of
- Mining and minerals
- Gems and jewellery
- Infrastructure development
- Information and communication
- HIV and Aids
groups that are already in place:
and Skills Development
- Auto components
In November 2005, Public Service and Administration Minister
Geraldine Fraser-Moleketi undertook a visit to India to seek co-operation in promoting
ASGISA objectives, particularly in the field of skills development. A team tasked
with identifying suitable Indian engineers, teachers and IT experts, among others,
accompanied the Minister. The initiative formed part of a larger one looking at
human resource development needs in South Africa and focussed on mentoring programmes,
training programmes, short-term exchange programmes, and secondment of experienced
Indian civil servants to build management capacity and transfer skills. In June
2006, this initiative was further enhanced by the signing of a MoU on Public Services
and Administration Matters.
We hope the practical implementation of this
agreement will unfold throughout the year.
We believe our relations with
India have now taken a new upward phase.
Democratic Republic of Congo
for the second round of elections are moving relatively well.
Mbeki visited the DRC on 11 September to consult with the political leadership,
including President Joseph Kabila and Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba. Discussions
focused on the preparations for the second round of the presidential elections
scheduled for 29 October 2006.
- President Kabila and Vice President Bemba
met on 13 September at a Cabinet meeting. It is a positive development that the
two leaders have met following the August violent clashes between their forces.
The Cabinet meeting was also attended by the three other Vice Presidents.
DRC's Electoral Commission announced the provisional parliamentary election results
on 9 September 2006.
- According to the results, President Kabila's PPRD
obtained 111 seats with his coalition "Alliance for Presidential Majority
(AMP)" obtaining 224 seats. Vice President Bemba's coalition "Rally
of Congolese Nationalists (RENACO)" obtained just over 100 seats.
to the provisional electoral timetable, the National Assembly should have had
their first meeting on 19 September 2006. Noting that no party or coalition won
an outright majority in legislative elections, political parties are probably
consulting among themselves to form a majority in order to elect a Prime Minister.
- The Supreme Court ruled on 15 September that the results of July's historic
presidential vote were valid and further ruled that the runoff election can take
place as scheduled on 29 October, despite the constitutional provision that the
elections should be held 15 days after the validation of results.
court accepted a request from the DRC Electoral Commission for an exemption from
this constitutional requirement not to hold a second-round elections 15 days after
the validation of the first round results. The Supreme Court explained that its
decision was based on the fact that it would have been impossible for the DRC
Electoral Commission to distribute the electoral kits and ballot papers in 15
days. A period of 50 days has now been granted.
- South Africa is printing
the ballot papers for the presidential and provincial elections in the DRC. According
to the IEC, the printing of the ballot papers was expected to be completed on
15 September 2006.
- The South African Defence Force has started with the
delivery of presidential and provincial ballot papers to the DRC for the 29 October
2006 elections. The first batch left South Africa on 16 September 2006 in accordance
with the distribution schedule. If the schedule is kept, the ballots should be
delivered to 14 hubs in the DRC by 2 October.
- Preparations for the second
round of elections seem to be going according to schedule.
- South Africa
expects to deploy an inclusive observer team of about 100-120 people and will
seek Cabinet approval for this deployment.
- Campaigning will take place
between the 27 September and the 7 October 2006.
- Ambassador Swing has
commended the Congolese authorities for their swift action following the fire
in Vice President Bemba's offices and the destruction of his two television stations.
He has said this should not serve as a pretext for more acts of violence.
UN still has 18 000 personnel on the ground and South African forces still play
an invaluable role through MONUC and through bilateral co-operation arrangements.
Africa will continue to support the processes in the DRC both through the UN and
bilaterally through the agreements in place through the joint commission.
you are aware Minister Nqakula has gone to the region to consult and seek details
on the implementation of the 7 September 2006 ceasefire agreement. He will ascertain
how the government of Burundi will accommodate the Paliphehutu-FNL in the new
- He will also discuss the commission to oversea the implementation
of the 7 September agreement.
- He will also discuss how Burundians in exile,
mainly Paliphehutu-FNL forces will be able to return to Burundi and how they will
be integrated into society.
much has changed since we spoke last week.
- There is still the ongoing
contention regarding the registration of voters and the DDR process.
Gbagbo did not attend the Summit held on the margins of the United Nations General
Assembly this week.
- President Gbagbo is however reported to have said
in an interview that the UN and French peacekeepers in Côte d'Ivoire could
leave the country if they wished to: "I haven't asked them to, but I am thinking
of an alternative [peace] plan that I will propose to the African Union."
the end of October 2006, a UN-backed peace plan drafted by the African Union expires.
President Gbagbo said in an interview, that he peace process had failed and that
he had lost faith in the 10000 French and UN peacekeepers overseeing a ceasefire:
"They haven't understood that this country is not Liberia, nor Somalia, that
our institutions work
the time for proposals and negotiations is over.
I have done everything they asked me to do and the rebels have not disarmed."
Monday 18 September 2006 China and Russia blocked proposed UN sanctions against
two of President Gbagbo's supporters, Mamadou Koulibaly speaker of the National
Assembly and Pascal Affi N'Guessan chairman of the ruling Ivorian Popular Front.
Africa, as the Facilitator, will continue to support the processes where possible.
The mediator had not played a very prominent role since the international working
group had been established but it is now clear that the mediator must become more
- It is clear that elections will not take place at the
- The IWG met on 8 September 2006 and took several decisions.
The matter will be taken to the United Nations Security Council and the AU Peace
and Security Council will continue to meet to see how it can support these processes.
toxic waste situation has become a grave problem. There are media reports of the
arrests of two French citizens. This also resulted in a cabinet reshuffle - cabinet
now consists of 36 members. The Ministers of transport and environment have been
- Jan Pronk, special representative
of the United Nations Secretary-General has said that the Darfur peace agreement
ought to be in intensive care but is not.
- United Nations Security Council
Resolution 1706 adopted on 31 August 2006 made it clear that the international
community favoured the transition from the African Mission in Sudan (AMIS) to
a United Nations mission.
- Agreement on this matter was invited from the
Government of Sudan. It is clear that the government did not want such a transition
to take place. In fact, the government responded by saying this was only a pretext
for recolonisation and that the proposal was unacceptable.
- The meeting
in New York on the fringes of the UNGA agreed that the AMIS mandate will be extended
to 31 December 2006.
- Burkina Faso's President and current AU Peace and
Security Council Chair announced yesterday Wednesday 21 September 2006: "There
are a certain number of measures that were agreed upon, such as reinforcing the
African troops, but also to strengthen the application of the Abuja agreement
that was signed to bring all the parties involved to implement its terms. Other
measures include straightening the border with the countries that are next to
Sudan. Again, all this is [part of] efforts to strengthen the whole process."
said that the AU would handle the financing and support from African countries,
the Arab League states would commit to financing for troops until the end of the
mandate in December, while the UN would provide logistics and material support.
the negotiations and all the contacts we had clearly indicate that they [Sudan]
are willing and disposed to work together with the UN."
Comparore said discussions on the matter would continue through the African Union
Peace and Security Council.
- This matter
continues to be of great concern to us.
- The Palestinian President announced
the formation of the government of National Unity based on the prisoners document.
Discussions are still ongoing on the character of this government.
believe this means that all Palestinian groups have accepted the UN resolutions,
the Arab Plan of 2002 and the Oslo Agreements which recognise the need for a viable
state of Palestine living alongside a state of Israel. The US and EU can now normalise
relations and end sanctions. We are pleased that the EU has said they are watching
this matter closely and will consider to proceed once the government of national
unity has been formed.
- Israeli prisoner - Negotiations between Palestine
and Israel brokered by Egypt on the prisoner exchange are at an advanced stage.
President Mubarak has announced that a deal will be struck soon.
Abbas held discussions with the Israeli Foreign Minister at the United Nations
General Assembly - this was a precursor to a meeting of both heads of state. Both
sides agreed that the meeting was constructive and that such meetings should continue.
Abbas also met President Bush in New York yesterday.
- It is clear that
the international community must now move decisively to resolving this matter,
ie. We have to ensure that the Road Map is implemented.
- There was also
a meeting of the Quartet in New York on Wednesday 20 September 2006: the Quartet
stressed the urgent need to make progress towards a just, lasting and comprehensive
peace in the Middle East and expressed its concern at the grave crisis in Gaza.
Quartet also said the formation of a government of National Unity would lead to
- The Quartet underlined the urgent need for the parties
to implement fully all aspects of the Agreement on Movement and Access. Accordingly,
Rafah and all other passages should remain open, consistent with relevant agreements.
Quartet encouraged greater donor support with a particular emphasis on security-sector
reform, reconstruction of damaged infrastructure and economic development.
Quartet reaffirmed its commitment to the Road Map as the means to realise the
goal of two democratic states - Israel and Palestine - living side by side in
peace and security.
- I believe the NAM statement on the Middle East has
taken us forward - peace and security for the people of the region must be achieved.
believe that the Arab Plan is the best possible plan since it necessitates that
Israel withdraw from all occupied territories, ie. Palestine, Lebanon and Syria
and that Israel can live in peace with its neighbours. However, no solution in
the Middle East will be possible unless a viable state of Palestine comes into
being. We call on the Quartet to take more aggressive steps in finalising this
- A new dimension has been introduced in the Middle East - for the
first time in years there is an opportunity for a resolution to the crisis.
Abbas has called for the urgent convening of an international conference to discuss
the final arrangements. We support this call.
ceasefire in Lebanon is holding although the situation remains quite fragile.
is now a new problem with which to deal: Israel has scattered at least 350 000
unexploded cluster bomblets on south Lebanon. We now have a situation where reconstruction
efforts in Lebanon are being hampered by these cluster bombs, the dropping of
which is in contravention of international law.
- David Shearer, the United
Nations humanitarian co-ordinator in Lebanon, said yesterday, "The outrageous
fact is that nearly all of these munitions were fired in the last three to four
days of the war."
"Outrageous because by that stage
the conflict has been largely resolved in the form of the (UN Security Council)
Questions and answers
Minister Pahad, could we have some clarification on the African Mission in Sudan
- the AMIS has been extended to December 2006. Who will finance this? To what
extent are you satisfied that the AMIS will have a new mandate seeing that the
current one is rather weak. Will you be putting an pressure on the government
of Sudan to accept a UN Force?
Answer In terms of the outcomes of
the Arab League Ministerial meeting, which supported the position of the government
of Sudan, it was agreed that the AMIS be given the requisite funding and other
logistical support to carry out it mandate.
The Arab States will support
the AMIS until the end of its mandate.
The AU forces have done an excellent
job despite the difficulties. We do hope that the mandate will be redefined.
is no other way than what is currently being done to discuss the matter with the
Sudanese government. We will continue to interact at all levels to convince them
that a UN force will not be an instrument to perpetuate other agendas. The UN
must also interact with the government of Sudan on this matter.
also engage bilaterally with the government.
President Mbeki did hold bilateral
discussions with President Bashir at the NAM Summit.
This is now an AU Peace
and Security Council matter.
Question Deputy Minister, what possible
compromise is there - the government has said they will not accept a UN Force.
We must seriously examine parts of the resolution about which they have concerns
- parts that suggest a contravention of territorial integrity and sovereignty.
must acknowledge that the failure to resolve the Darfur situation is impacting
negatively on the entire situation in Sudan.
Question Deputy Minister
Pahad, does the South African government believe there is a basis for the objections
from the Sudanese government? Are you confident that funding from the Arab League
will be forthcoming?
Answer We are convinced that funding will be
made available - whether it will be sufficient remains to be seen once the pledges
are taken into account.
Discussions are ongoing with the Sudanese government
about their objections but these are very confidential.
Minister Pahad, what is the response of the South African government to the abuses
against labour activists in Zimbabwe last week?
Answer I have been
out of the country and not briefed on this matter. I will cover it next week.
Deputy Minister Pahad, apparently Rev Frank Chikane is in Zimbabwe - what is he
Answer I did not know he was there. I will brief you
on this next week.
But perhaps he is there in his capacity as a Reverend
- he has a religious constituency there.
Question Deputy Minister
Pahad, you mentioned defence co-operation between South Africa and India - will
the matter of the Denel investigation by the Indian government be discussed?
This matter is under the line function of Minister Erwin and he has visited
India and held discussions with his counterparts on this matter.
investigation has not been concluded but I am certain we will have further discussions
in this regard. We would however want the matter to be finalized as soon as possible.
We would not want our overall relations with India to be adversely affected because
Issued by Department of Foreign Affairs
Private Bag X152