Notes following Briefing by Deputy Minister Aziz Pahad, Media
Centre Amphitheatre, Union Buildings, Pretoria, Wednesday, 24 January 2007
you for joining us once again.
- Let me begin with work in progress:
Republic of Congo
- As you know, democracy in the DRC is being increasingly
consolidated and it really is becoming one of Africa's great success stories.
the recent good news is that Laurent Nkunda, the rebel Congolese general has said
his fighters have started rejoining the government army after talks in Rwanda.
- From reports, it is clear that agreements have been reached on the inclusion
of General Nkunda's soldiers into the National Army of the DRC. Consequently,
over a thousand of his soldiers have begun to be integrated into the Army of the
- Discussions are ongoing as to the role of General Nkunda in a post-election
DRC. The Kinshasa government had issued an international warrant via Interpol
for Nkunda's arrest for alleged war crimes committed by his forces during their
2004 occupation of the town of Bukavu. This issue will have to be taken into consideration
within the context of trying to find an overall solution including as to future
of General Nkunda.
- I am also happy to report that Senate elections were
held on Friday 19 January 2007 and in results announced the same day
of Senate Elections
- In results announced later the same day:
the 108 senate seats,
- the Alliance of Presidential Majority (President
Kabila's Alliance) received 68 seats,
- the Union for the Nation (former
Vice President Bemba's alliance) received 21 seats
- the remaining seats
are shared between smaller parties that a not part of the Alliances and independent
- Off importance was the election of former
Vice President Bemba as a Senator for Kinshasa
- Four former Prime Ministers
under former President Mobuto, have been elected as Senators
general trend in the DRC is positive and we do believe that the conditions are
good to enable us to sustain the advances we have made in the DRC.
our last briefing the international community has expressed concern at the removal
of the Somali speaker of parliament Hassan Sheik Adan on 17 January 2006 and it
is believed this has the potential to pose an obstacle to the reconstruction process
- Kenya continues to tighten security around its borders in
an attempt to prevent the fleeing UIC leaders from entering its country. On 17
January 2006, Mr Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmad who is the second in command within
the UIC leadership was arrested at a roadblock in Damajale location while he was
heading to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee Camps in Dadaab Division.
is reported that the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has been engaged in
a process of consultations with key warlords in Somalia. This process is said
to be contributing positively towards the establishment of administrative structures
in that country.
- These developments prompted the UN Office for the Co-ordination
of Humanitarian affairs (OACHA), headed by Philippe Lazzarini to call the international
community to seize this opportunity to launch projects that support stabilisation
and make visible difference in the peoples life. According to the Special Representative
some of the programmes expected to be prioritised include back to school programmes,
sanitation, income-generation activities and resettling internally displaced persons
most of whom occupy government buildings, and the demobilisation and reintegration
- However, we are concerned that the situation still remains
very volatile. Thirty-four more alleged suspected Islamic court fighters have
been arrested by the Kenyan authorities and has been handed over to Somalian authorities.
These include four foreigners - a Canadian and 3 Eritreans and indeed they are
saying that they are just business people with no involvement in terrorist activities.
is more worrying is that the UIC in Somalia has vowed to fight a guerrilla war
against the government forces and what they say is their Ethiopian allies.
to the Deputy Chairman of the UIC, "This is a new uprising by the Somali
people. The only solution can be reconciliation and talks between the Transitional
Federal Government and the Union of Islamic Courts."
- I believe that
is a call coming through from many parts of the world including the African Union:
to have long term solution you need an all inclusive discussion including elements
of the UIC.
- The African Union Peace and Security Council, in its recent
meeting which discussed Somalia, has reiterated the same call: "there exists
a unique and unprecedented opportunity to restore structures of governance in
Somalia and bring about lasting peace and reconciliation."
- It stressed
the need on the part of the Transitional Federal Institutions to embark on an
all-inclusive and genuine process of dialogue and reconciliation within the framework
of the Transitional Federal Charter. It welcomed the stated commitment of the
leaders of the TFG to dialogue and reconciliation, and encouraged the TFG to pursue
its ongoing efforts with a view to reaching out to all segments of the population.
It also encouraged the Chairperson of the Commission to take all necessary steps
to assist this process and to ensure that the AU plays a leading role in this
- The general understanding is that without an all-inclusive process,
this golden opportunity will disappear.
- The AU peace and security Council
then decided to authorise the deployment of AMISOM for a period of 6 months with
the mandate to:
- Provide support to the TFIs in their efforts towards
the stabilisation of the situation in the country and the furtherance of dialogue
- To facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance
create conducive conditions for long term stabilisation, reconstruction and development
- In this respect AMISOM will be adequately
equipped to project the appropriate posture, and shall undertake the following
- To support dialogue and reconciliation in Somalia, working
with all stakeholders;
- To provide, as appropriate, protection to the TFIs
and their key infrastructure, to enable them to carry out their functions;
assist in the implementation of the National Security and Stabilisation Plan of
Somalia, particularly the effective re-establishment and training of all inclusive
Somali security forces, bearing in mind the programmes already being implemented
by some of Somalia's bilateral and multilateral partners;
- To provide,
within capabilities and as appropriate, technical and other support to the disarmament
and stabilization efforts;
- To monitor, in areas of deployment of its forces,
the security situation;
- To facilitate, as may be required and within capabilities,
humanitarian operations, including the repatriation and reintegration of refugees
and the resettlement of IDPs; and
- To protect its personnel, installations
and equipment, including the right of self-defence.
shall comprise 9 infantry battalions of 850 personnel each supported by maritime
coastal and air components, as well as an appropriate civilian component, including
a police training team.
- The initial deployment shall involve at least
3 infantry battalions, with adequate arrangements for additional battalions to
- AMISOM shall be deployed for a period of 6 months, aimed
essentially at contributing to the initial stabilisation phase in Somalia, with
a clear understanding that the mission will evolve to a United Nations operation
that will support the long term stabilisation and post-conflict reconstruction
- It goes on to make calls to the international community -
AU member states, the League of Arab States, the European Union and its member
states, the UN and all other AU partners, to urgently provide, in a predictable
and co-ordinated manner, the required financial, technical and logistical support
to facilitate the deployment of AMISOM as soon as possible.
TO AFRICA BY NEW UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY-GENERAL
- As you know,
the new Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon is visiting parts of Africa where all these
issues will be high on his agenda.
- He will visit the DRC, proceed to Addis
Ababa where he will attend the AU Summit where the issues of Somalia, Sudan/Darfur,
Côte d'Ivoire will be high on the agenda. and then on to a meeting of the
Quartet where he will focus on matters relating to the Middle East which is also
an area of constant concern for us.
LISTING OF SOUTH AFRICAN INDIVIDUALS
AND ENTITIES ASSOCIATED WITH AL-QAEDA AND THE TALIBAN BY THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY
COUNCIL'S 1267 COMMITTEE: FARHAD AHMED DOCKRAT, JUNAID ISMAIL DOCKRAT & SNIPER
- Let me contextualise this:
- The Security Council
is the United Nations organ that bears primary responsibility for maintaining
international peace and security in accordance with Article 24 (1) of the Charter
of the United Nations, which reads as follows:
"In order to ensure prompt
and effective action by the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security
Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and
security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility
the Security Council acts on their behalf".
and Taliban Sanctions Committee ('1267 Committee') is one such subsidiary body.
Its mandate is to monitor the implementation of sanctions against Al-Qaeda, the
Taliban and their associates worldwide by Member States of the United Nations.
As a member of the Security Council in 2007 and 2008, South Africa is therefore
currently also a member of all the subsidiary bodies of the Council, including
the 1267 Committee.
- Resolution 1267 (1999), which was adopted under
Chapter VII of the Charter on 15 October 1999, imposed financial sanctions against
the Taliban, as well as a flight ban on aircraft owned, leased or operated by
or on behalf of the Taliban.
- Security Council resolution 1390 (2002)
adopted on 28 January 2002 which, under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, imposed
a global travel ban, financial restrictions and an arms embargo against individuals
or entities listed by the Committee as members or associates of Al-Qaeda and the
- You can see the consequences of these resolutions are quite
- According to operative paragraph 2 of resolution 1390 (2002)
adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter making it mandatory, sets out the
actions to be taken by all Member States of the United Nations as follows:
without delay the funds and other financial assets or economic resources of these
individuals, groups, undertakings and entities, including funds derived from property
owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by them or by persons acting on their
behalf or at their direction, and ensure that neither these nor any other funds,
financial assets or economic resources are made available, directly or indirectly,
for such persons' benefit, by their nationals or by any persons within their territory;
the entry into or the transit through their territories of these individuals,
provided that nothing in this paragraph shall oblige any State to deny entry into
or require the departure from its territories of its own nationals and this paragraph
shall not apply where entry or transit is necessary for the fulfilment of a judicial
process or the Committee determines on a case by case basis only that entry or
transit is justified;
- Prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and
transfer, to these individuals, groups, undertakings and entities from their territories
or by their nationals outside their territories, or using their flag vessels or
aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types including weapons and ammunition,
military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the
aforementioned and technical advice, assistance, or training related to military
- Any member of the UN may petition the 1267
Committee to add individuals or entities to the list, or to remove them from the
- According to the rules of procedure, the Chairperson of the 1267
Committee on receipt of the names, distributes the list to all 15 members of the
Committee. Committee members are given a 5-day period to indicate whether they
object to the listing or not.
- If a Member State within this period places
a hold on a name(s), the name(s) cannot be included in the Consolidated List because
the Committee operates by consensus. A listing could be on hold for a number of
- As you know, the US has now given notice of the listing of the
two Docrats and we have five days in which to make known our action in this regard.
- It is our common experience that since these resolutions have come into
force, during 2006, many such listings were placed on hold by countries like the
United Kingdom, the United States, the Russian Federation, China, France, Denmark
and Qatar. They have always indicated that the names are placed to hold to enable
them to have further discussions and to investigate the consequences of this listing
in terms of national law and to be fully satisfied that the listed individuals
are indeed involved in terrorist activities and possible consequences of domestic
- It is South Africa's view that we should also ask the 1267 Committee
to put on hold the listing of these two individuals until we have further discussed
with the relevant players in this regard.
- You must understand that once
you are on the list, it is very difficult to get off the list. Therefore, it has
very serious consequences and we want to be absolutely certain that we are also
totally in compliance with our national law. Although it is mandatory if it is
a Security Council Chapter VII resolution, we will have to understand how it impacts
on our national law and the constitution. At the same time, we have to be sure
that anyone who is listed is involved in terrorist activities and the listing
is therefore legitimate.
- We have to take into consideration that we have
a counter terrorism legislation, viz. the Protection of Constitutional Democracy
Against Terrorist and Related Activities Act (Act ? 33 or 2004) and this would
become effective when the Security Council formally includes the names on the
1267 Consolidated List. We have to follow certain procedures in terms of this
too. This is the first time that we face such a challenge and will have to consult
many legal structures to get a better understanding of the 2004 legislation. We
cannot predict any outcome at this stage.
- We will call on the Security
Council, in line with what many other countries have done, to put these listings
- Irrespective of the processes in the Security Council, the US
is expected to proceed with the designation of South Africans on the US Domestic
Terror List. The US would insist that any bank operating through the US or using
the SWIFT system would have to freeze the assets of the suspects, in accordance
with the US legislation, or the funds would be seized from the banking institution
Refusal of Entry or Deportation of South Africans
- Let me now refer to something that is increasingly becoming a
matter of concern to the South African government: increasingly, without any reasons,
South African's travelling abroad and not only to the United States, even with
the relevant travel documents, are being deported upon arrival. You are familiar
with the case of Professor Habib who is the Executive Director: Democracy and
Governance of the Human Research Sciences Council. As you know, he was scheduled
to go to the United States as part of the HSRC delegation to meet with many academic
and non-academic institutions in the US and many foundations to have discussions
as they have done in the past. He had a valid visa but was deported. He has appealed
to us to try to get some clarity on the matter because as an academic in the HSRC
he has many reasons to travel to the US. Indeed, he has just been invited to go
to a major conference later this year. If he has been deported once, it is obvious
that his name is on some list and he will not be allowed entry into the US until
this matter has been cleared up.
The Ports Authority in the US has
said this is not a matter under their mandate and that the State Department should
be contacted. The HSRC has written to the State Department and to ourselves to
request we seek some clarification as the consequences are quite serious.
as we were working on this, we were informed that the 10-year visas of Prof Habib,
his wife and two sons were revoked. Indeed they are expressing concern since one
of the son's was scheduled to travel to the US to attend a workshop on Youth and
the United Nations.
It is clear that increasingly, South Africans, even
with the relevant travel documents, will find themselves on some list which has
not been given to us and will continually be deported from countries. There is
now a system that once names are provided, they are circulated worldwide and you
will not be aware of the basis on which you are being listed and deported. This
is a matter of some concern to us since it does indicate that unless there is
some form of transparency, many innocent people will find themselves caught in
STATE VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA BY CHINESE PRESIDENT
Hu Jintao will visit South Africa within the context of a eight-nation African
tour (Liberia, Sudan, Cameroon, Zambia, Namibia, Mozambique, Seychelles and South
- He is scheduled to arrive in South Africa on Tuesday 6 February
2007 and depart on Thursday 8 February 2007.
- During the visit he will
hold discussions with President Mbeki, receive a courtesy call from Deputy President
Phumzile Mlambo Ngcuka, visit the Cradle of Humankind and present a keynote address
at the University of Pretoria.
Chinese Perspectives re: Africa
the Bandung Africa-Asia Conference in April 2005, the Chinese President called
for the creation of a Strategic Partnership with Africa that will focus on three
main areas of co-operation: political solidarity, economic co-operation and socio-cultural
- It is also important to harmonise, synchronise and align
FOCAC with NEPAD and to leverage FOCAC to the benefit of NEPAD
increased engagement with the continent presents an opportunity for a valuable
contribution to Africa's growth and development
- A positive pro-active
approach on the relationship between China and Africa needs to be developed and
implemented, in order to harness resources and focus activities towards meaningful
deliverables that would serve primarily the interests of Africa
- Much of
China's activities in Africa are conducted under the Forum for China Africa Co-operation
- In the November 2006 FOCAC Beijing Declaration, China and Africa
- "Properly (to) handle issues and challenges
that may arise in the course of co-operation through friendly consultation in
keeping with China-Africa friendship and the long-term interests of the two sides."
and Africa adopted the sector-specific Beijing Action Plan (2007-2009), based
on the shared imperative to "promote friendship, peace, co-operation and
development," and to "advance the new type of strategic partnership
between China and Africa in keeping with" the FOCAC Beijing Declaration.
to South Africa by Premier Wen Jiaboa
- In preparation for the visit
of Premier Jiaboa to South Africa in June 2006, Assistant Foreign Minister He
Yafei stated that it was "erroneous and one-sided" to believe that it
(China) is only interested in Africa because of its energy resources, arguing
that it had comprehensive ties with the continent.
- The visit by Premier
Wen Jiaboa from June 17-22 to Egypt, Ghana, the DRC, Angola and South Africa following
a five-nation African tour by Chinese President Hu Jintao in April 2006 which
was highlighted by a series of oil deals reflecting China's rising demand for
energy to power its booming economy
- "Boosting China Africa friendship
and all round co-operation is a long-term and strategic decision China made, and
it is a natural choice for the two sides in pursuit of common development and
prosperity. Strengthened consultation and closer co-operation between the two
sides will uphold the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries
and advance democracy in international relations. I am convinced that with the
concerted efforts of China and Africa, we will surely make a greater contribution
to the building of a harmonious world of enduring peace and common prosperity."
October 2006 Chinese State Councillor Tang Jiaxuan stated: "China is committed
to helping Africa and hopes to see Africa grow and become stronger. The economic
co-operation and trade between China and Africa are mutually beneficial. China's
development has created more development opportunities for Africa.
China's development has created a growing export market for Africa. In 2005 China-Africa
trade volume reached US$ 39.8 billion. It included US$ 21.1 billion in imports
from Africa, which exceeded China's exports to Africa.
Second China's total
investment in Africa has reached US$ 6.27 billion. China has launched over 800
non-financial investment projects in 49 countries, covering trade, manufacturing
and processing, resource development, communications and agriculture. China will
develop new forms of co-operation, expand the scale of investment, upgrade co-operation
and provide quality service to promote common development of both China and Africa.
Third, over 720 major projects have been completed in 49 African countries
with Chinese assistance, and 58 projects have been launched in 26 African countries
with preferential loans from China. China has exempted 10.9 billion yuan (US$
1.34 billion) in debts of 31 heavily indebted poor countries and least developed
countries in Africa. China has also trained over 14 600 African personnel in various
A further indication of the Chinese approach to Africa is
reflected in President Hu Jintao's 8 point plan:
- Double its
2006 assistance to Africa by 2009.
- Provide US$3 billion of preferential
loans and US$2 billion of preferential buyer's credits to Africa in the next three
- Set up a China-Africa development fund which will reach US$5
billion to encourage Chinese companies to invest in Africa and provide support
- Build a conference centre for the African Union to support
African countries in their efforts to strengthen themselves through unity and
support the process of African integration.
- Cancel debt in the form
of all the interest-free government loans that matured at the end of 2005 owed
by the heavily indebted poor countries and the least developed countries in Africa
that have diplomatic relations with China.
- Further open up China's market
to Africa by increasing from 190 to over 440 the number of export items to China
receiving zero-tariff treatment from the least developed countries in Africa having
diplomatic ties with China.
- Establish three to five trade and economic
cooperation zones in Africa in the next three years.
- Over the next three
years, train 15,000 African professionals; send 100 senior agricultural experts
to Africa; set up 10 special agricultural technology demonstration centres in
Africa; build 30 hospitals in Africa and provide RMB 300 million of grant for
providing artemisinin and building 30 malaria prevention and treatment centres
to fight malaria in Africa; dispatch 300 youth volunteers to Africa; build 100
rural schools in Africa; and increase the number of Chinese government scholarships
to African students from the current 2000 per year to 4000 per year by 2009.
give concrete expression to this 8-point plan, during the FOCAC Summit, China
offered a package of measures in support of African development, namely to:
US$5 billion in preferential loans (US$3 billion) and preferential buyer's credits
(US$2 billion) over the next three years.
- Double aid to Africa by 2009
from 2006 levels.
- Set a target of US$100 billion in Sino-Africa trade
by 2010, up from the current US$39.7 billion in 2005 (expected to reach US$50
billion in 2006).
- Extend Approved (Tourist) Destination Status (ADS) to
a further nine African countries (Algeria, Cape Verde, Cameroon, Gabon, Rwanda,
Mali, Mozambique, Benin and Nigeria), bringing the total to 26 African countries
with ADS status.
- Encourage Chinese firms to invest in Africa. At the end
of 2005, Chinese investment in Africa totalled US$6.27 billion. To this end, China
will establish a US$5 billion China-Africa Development Fund to encourage and support
Chinese firms to make investments in Africa.
- Construct a Conference Centre
for the African Union in Addis Ababa.
- Cancel debts in the form of all
interest free government loans that matured at the end of 2005 owed by the heavily
indebted poor countries (HIPC) and least developed African countries (LDC) that
have diplomatic relations with China (US$1.4 billion in debt of 31 countries had
previously been cancelled).
- Further open up China's markets by increasing
from 190 to more than 440 the number of export items enjoying zero-tariff treatment
from the 28 least developed countries in Africa having diplomatic relations with
- Set up 3 to 5 economic and trade cooperation zones in Africa over
the next three years.
- Over the next three years, train 15 000 African
professionals, send 100 senior agricultural experts to Africa, set up 10 special
agricultural technology demonstration centres, build 30 hospitals, build 30 malaria
prevention and treatment centres and provide US$38 million in grants for the provision
of artemisin, send additional medical teams to Africa, build 100 rural schools,
double the number of Chinese government scholarships to African students to 4000
per year by 2009, dispatch 300 youth volunteers to Africa, and build more Confucius
Institutes in African countries to meet the needs in Chinese language teaching.
to support Africa in the implementation of NEPAD and increase coordination and
cooperation of the Beijing Action Plan (2007-2009) with NEPAD.
the FOCAC Summit in Beijing, November 2006, Chinese companies signed 16 contracts
with 11 African countries to buy minerals and build infrastructure.
November 2006 it was announced that the West African Development Bank, BOAD, had
signed two co-operation agreements worth 46 billion CFA with the People's Bank
of China and the Chinese Export-Import Bank.
Officials of the three banks
signed the accords during the two-day China Business Days, organised by BOAD in
collaboration with the Central Bank of the West African States (BCEAO) and UEMOA.
The first agreement is for a technical cooperation fund of about US$1 million
or 550 million CFA francs to support Chinese technical assistants working with
the BOAD, as well as for investment projects, study visits, and business studies.
The second accord is for a credit line of €70 million, about 45.92 billion
CFA francs, signed between BOAD and the Chinese Export-Import Bank.
will support the funding of projects, as well as goods and services using Chinese
technology in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) member countries.
The credit line will also support development of infrastructure, exploitation
of energy resources and construction projects.
Culture and Tourism
are currently six Confucius Institutes and 20 Chinese teaching posts in 11 African
- China now grants tourist destination status to 26 African countries,
according to an action plan endorsed during the 2006 FOCAC Summit
number of Chinese tourists to Africa reached 110 000 in 2005, doubling the 2004
CHINA'S TRADE WITH AFRICA
Since 2000, China's trade
with Africa has nearly tripled to US$39,8 billion in 2005. China is now Africa's
third largest commercial partner after the US and France, and second largest exporter
to Africa after France.
President Hu Jintao furthermore pledged to double
aid to Africa in three years by extending more credit and waiving tariffs on more
of its exports, to strengthen economic and political ties. The Chairman of the
China Council for the Promotion of International Trade said that a China-Africa
Joint Chamber of Commerce had been established to promote trade. Premier Wen Jiabao
expressed the belief that China Africa trade might rise to US$ 100 billion by
2010. It was expected that the trade statistics for 2006 would reflect a rise
in trade between China and Africa of 26% to US$ 50 billion.
officials believe Beijing can increase its oil and gas imports from Africa, which
currently supplies 30 percent of China's total imports. Angola now has become
China's largest supplier, shipping Beijing 522,000 barrels of oil per day, and
Chinese oil companies have taken stakes in 20 African nations; over just the last
five years, Chinese oil firms have spent $15 billion buying up oil fields and
Although China's primary interest in Africa is energy,
it has major interests in other natural resources, particularly metals, food and
timber. China has supplied peacekeepers - to the DRC and Liberia - and election
observers to Ethiopia.
China plans to establish a free trade agreement with Africa. In 2004, China
spent approximately US$10 billion on African oil, accounting for nearly one-third
of its total crude imports (this is the equivalent to twice as much of what was
imported from Saudi Arabia). It is estimated that between 15 to 20 percent of
Chinese energy needs are sourced from Africa.
was the first country in Africa to recognize China and the two countries celebrate
their 50th anniversary of establishing diplomatic relations in 2006.
the FOCAC Summit in Beijing, November 2006, it was announced that Citic Group,
China's biggest state-run company, will build a US$ 938 million aluminium smelter
in Egypt. China and Egypt also agreed to strengthen co-operation in the peaceful
use of nuclear energy. In late September Egypt had announced that it was re-launching
its civil nuclear programme after a suspension of 20 years following the Chernobyl
disaster in 1986.
The next ministerial-level Forum on China Africa Cooperation
(FOCAC) meeting will be held in Cairo, Egypt, in late 2009. President Hu Jintao
and Premier Wen Jiabao visited Egypt in January 2004 and in June 2006 respectively.
Bilateral trade hit US$2.145 billion last year, up 36.1 per cent over the previous
Egypt was one of the first African countries to launch Chinese language
courses. Three Egyptian universities have Chinese language departments. Cairo
University has also established a Confucius Institute. Another 11 universities
are preparing to set up Chinese language departments. The Egyptian Ministry of
Education has acknowledged Chinese to be the second most popular foreign language
in high schools.
Chinese companies have become a
dominant force in building highways and bridges. Power stations, mobile phone
networks, schools and pharmaceutical plants. Recently, the Chinese began exploring
for oil and building at least one Ethiopian military installation.
Chinese companies run a major timber operation and is trying to gain
influence in the oil sector. The president describes China as its main development
China has announced its commitment to $3bn
for port, rail and a mining investment in Gabon.
has announced its commitment to invest $600m for a hydroelectric dam in Ghana.
During the FOCAC Summit in Beijing, November 2006, it was announced that the ZTE
had signed two US$ 30 million contracts to provide phone equipment to Lesotho
and Ghana, while Huawaei Technologies will help Ghana set up village phone networks
for US$ 30 million.
Agricultural development cooperation
the FOCAC Summit in Beijing, November 2006, it was announced that the ZTE had
signed two US$ 30 million contracts to provide phone equipment to Lesotho and
It has been reported that China has medical
workers and agricultural experts working in Liberia. During the January 2006 visit
by the Chinese Foreign Minister an agreement was concluded to provide US$ 25 million
towards Liberia's reconstruction programme as well as an interest free loan of
US$ 5 million over 10 years.
China cancelled the Mali
debt of about US$ 68 million in 2001. During the Chinese Foreign minister's visit
in January 2006, he announced an economic and technical cooperation agreement
worth US$ 3,7 million.
During December 2006 it was
reported that an interest-free loan of R18,2 million had been granted by the PRC
to Namibia. In terms of their agreement, the money will be used for projects and
programmes identified by the Namibian Government as per national development objectives.
The visit to Namibia by a Chinese Commerce Ministry delegation and the interest-free
loan is a follow-up on the FOCAC Summit that was held in Beijing at the beginning
of November 2006. During the visit it was further decided that the Namibian Government
also make use of the already offered in 2005, interest- free loan of R44,9 million
to implement small industries projects and small-scale farming units. The Chinese
also offered to provide financial assistance for the construction of primary schools
in rural areas. Discussions also focussed on granting of tariff-free access for
Namibian products into the Chinese market.
is rebuilding Nigeria's railroad network. Nigeria is China's third-largest African
trading partner after SA and Egypt and has announced its commitment to $8,3bn
for infrastructure development projects in a range of sectors, including oil.
top offshore oil and gas producer, CNOOC announced a US$ 2,7 billion overseas
acquisition for a 45 percent stake in a major offshore field in Nigeria early
in 2005. A further 21 Chinese firms plan to invest in a Nigerian industrial park
following favourable tax holidays and the commencement of the Free Trade Zone
recently announced by Nigeria.
It has furthermore been reported that Nigeria
has approached a Chinese company, Great Wall Industry Corporation, to launch a
satelite for it next year. The deal will reportedly be worth US$ 200 million.
During the FOCAC Summit in Beijing, November 2006, it was announced that
China Civil Engineering will build a US$ 300 million highway in Nigeria.
companies have paved more than 80% of the main roads. Chinese companies are searching
for oil and gas and rebuilding electricity grids and telephone networks
his visit to Senegal in January 2006, the Chinese Foreign Minister announced the
cancellation of US$ 18,5 million in debt, and offered US$ 3,7 million in funding
for hospitals, roads, and other infrastructure, as well as a grant of US$ 200,
000 to the victims of flooding of last year. This visit was the first high-level
visit since the resumption of diplomatic relations between Senegal and China -
Senegal cut its diplomatic links with Taiwan in October 2005.
invested more than $2 billion in Sudan's oil industry. Sudan provides China with
nearly 5% of its annual oil imports. China National Petroleum Company has acquired
a 40 per cent stake in one of Sudan's major oil exploration projects and Chinese
workers built a 1,600 kilometer long pipeline in Sudan in just 11 months.
Zambia, Chinese contractors have won a contract worth $600 million to build a
hydroelectric plant at Kague Gorge.
Chinese companies own one of Zambia's
largest copper mines. During the FOCAC Summit in Beijing, November 2006, it was
announced that China Nonferrous Mining will build a US$ 200 million copper smelter
in Zambia. The venture, at the Chambisi mine, will turn copper concentrates into
150 tons of copper annually for export to China.
year, Zimbabwe bought three passenger planes, six trainer jets, and nearly 400
commuter buses from China, in a deal reportedly worth US$ 200 million. Trade and
tourism ties between China and Zimbabwe have been flourishing in recent years
and China is now its second largest trading partner, after South Africa (Up from
11th in just three years). A growing number of Chinese citizens are now travelling
to Zimbabwe to enjoy the many tourist attractions that the country has to offer.
The increased trade and tourism ties between Zimbabwe and China have resulted
in the announcement of twice-weekly direct flights between Harare and Beijing.
China is already the largest buyer of Zimbabwe's tobacco. Chinese companies are
also looking at Zimbabwe's lucrative mineral extraction industry.
trading company owned by two large Chinese aerospace concerns recently signed
a $300 million contract to rebuild Zimbabwe's electricity grid.
owns a cement factory in Zimbabwe
In June it was announced that Zimbabwe
had signed a US$ 1,3 billion deal with China to set up coal mines and three thermal
power stations. All the projects will be located at Dande, 200km west of Harare.
In exchange, Zimbabwe will provide China with Chrome.
During November 2006
it was reported, according to the Zimbabwean Herald newspaper, that a takeover
of Zimbabwe Iron and Steel Co. (ZISCO) is possible by Metallurgical Corporation
of China (MCC) as they have reportedly offered US$3billion to buy a 60 percent
stake in ZISCO.
South Africa - China Bilateral Relations
Wen Jiabao's Official Visit to SA (21-22 June 2006)
At the invitation
of President Thabo Mbeki of the Republic of South Africa, Premier Wen Jiabao of
the State Council of the People's Republic of China paid an official visit to
the Republic of South Africa from 21 to 22 June and held talks with President
The two sides reviewed the principles guiding the bilateral
relationship set out in the Pretoria Declaration on the Partnership between the
People's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa in 2000 and the strategic
partnership established by the two countries in 2004.
The two sides agreed
to increase cooperation in the following priority areas:
- The two sides will keep high-level contacts and exchange
views on bilateral relations and international and regional issues of mutual interest
in an in-depth and wide-ranging way.
- The two sides will give full scope
to the role of the Bi-National Commission as the pre-eminent structure in advancing
their bilateral relationship, in promoting exchange and cooperation between China
and South Africa in all fields and conduct regular review of such cooperation
to ensure the full implementation of bilateral cooperation agreements. New sectoral
committees may be set up as necessary.
- The two sides will strengthen
the exchange and cooperation between the two countries' legislative bodies, explore
the possibility of establishing a mechanism for such exchanges on a regular basis
and work to put this mechanism in place as soon as possible.
- The two
sides reaffirmed that they share common views and positions in promoting multilateralism
and democracy in international relations and upholding the common rights and interests
of developing countries. They called for greater international attention to African
issues. The two sides will make full use of the diplomatic sectoral committee
of the Bi-National Commission between China and South Africa to hold regular strategic
dialogue and strengthen consultation and coordination in the United Nations System,
wider international organizations and at major multilateral events.
confirmed their commitment to strengthening the role, capacity, effectiveness
and efficiency of the United Nations as well as to improve its performance in
order for it to realise its full potential in accordance with the purpose and
principles of the UN Charter.
They expressed their support for those proposals
of the Secretary-General that would help to strengthen the ability of the United
Nations to implement its mandates and effectively deliver on all its programmes.
Both countries also undertook to work with the Secretary-General and the President
of the General Assembly to achieve the reform of the United Nations within the
inter-governmental framework that the Organisation provides.
The two sides
furthermore remain committed to the implementation of the outcomes of all the
major UN conferences and summits, including the 2005 World Summit Outcome and
expressed concern at the slow progress in the implementation of those decisions
relating to development and the strengthening of the Economic and Social Council.
Both countries also noted that the reform and enlargement of the United
Nations Security Council to make it more representative was long overdue and stressed
the need for Africa to be represented in the permanent category. They agreed to
continue to exchange views and work together on this important matter.
In this regard, the Chinese side undertook to support the work of the African
Union Peace and Security Council.
- The Chinese side valued and supported
the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) and will strengthen cooperation
with Africa, and in particular the NEPAD Secretariat, in priority areas identified
in NEPAD and under the framework of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation to help
Africa achieve independent development.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The two sides will strengthen cooperation in key areas such as communications
technology, agricultural technology, information technology, nanotechnology, new
materials, renewable energy, clean technology, mining technology, and mining safety
technology. The two sides encourage companies from both countries to undertake
bilateral cooperation projects on science and technology. They encourage the relevant
institutions and companies from both countries to attend exhibitions on innovation
in science and technology held in both countries and enter into R&D cooperation
at a higher level.
- The two sides encourage bilateral cooperation in technology
and investment in coal liquefaction, peaceful use of nuclear energy, mineral resources,
and safety management of mines. They encourage mutual investment and technology
exchanges between companies from both countries.
- The two sides resolve
to enter into cooperation in order to ensure the protection of intellectual property
CULTURAL AND OTHER EXCHANGES AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
The two sides will promote exchange and cooperation in public health and medical
sciences in the following priority areas: public health service and bio-medical
research, primary health care and family medicine, quality control of health care
and standards for practicing medicine, education in traditional medicine, training
and research, health way of life, pharmaceuticals management and particularly
management of traditional medicine, first-aid and AIDS treatment, recruitment
of medical personnel and human resources development.
- They will share
experience of holding major sports events such as the Olympic Games and the World
- China is ready to provide assistance to the best of its ability in
human resources development, including skills training, capacity building and
Chinese language teaching. The Chinese Government will continue to provide special
assistance in human resources development for priority areas in the human resources
development identified in ASGISA. It will give active consideration to providing
more government scholarships to South African students for studying in China and
setting up a skills training center in South Africa. It will continue to invite
South African government officials and technical personnel to China for training.
Over the next three years, China will train 300 personnel for South Africa in
economic and administrative management, civil engineering and Chinese language
- The government labor regulation and social society departments
of the two countries will share experience and expand cooperation in training,
job creation, labor market development, fostering harmonious employment relations
and improving social security systems.
Bilateral Economic Relations
the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1998, trade between China and South
Africa has grown significantly, with China becoming South Africa's 2nd largest
import trading partner in 2005, comprising 9% of total imports and 8th largest
export partner, comprising 3% of total exports from South Africa.
both imports and exports grew 30% in 2005 compared to 2004. China still enjoys
a massive trade surplus with SA - in 2005 imports from China totalled R31,476
billion, while exports came to R8,763 billion. There is a sizeable trade imbalance
in favour of China in our bilateral trade.
the FOCAC Summit in Beijing, November 2006, it was confirmed that the Chinese
parastatal company Sinosteel was committed to investing in a US$ 230 (R1,7 billion)
ferrochrome mine and smelter project with South Africa's Samancor.
2006 the Chinese Zijn Mining Group (Gold Mining) announced that it was buying
a stake in Ridge Mining, with a view to the development of Sheba's Ridge (Nickel
& Platinum), jointly owned by Anglo Platinum and the IDC. This represents
an investment of approximately R 120 million.
South African investments
in China amount to US$ 400 million including investments by Anglo American (funds
from the UK though), SAB Miller, MIH, and a US$120 million investment by property
The impact of Chinese exports to South Africa in the clothing
and textiles, and leather and footwear industries are the subject of intense debate.
Suffice to mention that South Africa had to negotiate a special deal with China
to limit their textile exports to South Africa for a period to enable the SA Textile
Industry to restructure. This voluntary restraint will commence in January 2007.
April 2006 McCarthy, the automotive division of Bidvest Group, announced that
they will introduce a range of fully imported Chinese vehicles on to the South
African market during 2007.
In June 2006 Mining Weekly reported that an
SA-Chinese Consortium had clinched a R2 billion shipyard contract by the National
Ports Authority (NPA) to set up a ship repair facility at Richards Bay. The consortium
is headed by Imbani Projects of South Africa.
Chinese companies in South
Chinese companies in South Africa have invested in the following
sectors: commercial banking, consumer electronics, telecommunications equipment,
shipping, light manufacturing, automobiles, mining, mining accessories, and housing
Of the four Chinese banks in South Africa, the China Construction
Bank has the largest local operation with almost R1 billion in assets. Both it
and the Bank of China have a significant majority of their deposits denominated
in foreign currency. The biggest portion of both banks' lending activity is also
denominated in foreign currency and is extended to the South African Reserve Bank,
non-resident banks and non-resident clients. The remaining two banks, Export/Import
Bank of China, a state-owned trade financing institution, and China Everbright
Bank, a commercial bank with some private ownership, have representative offices
in South Africa but no formal operations. The Export/Import Bank has made loans
totalling approximately US$2.5 billion in Zambia and Angola over the last two
Chinese involvement in the South African light manufacturing sector
is through the SOE Shanghai Industrial and its local subsidiary Shanghai Industrial
Investment Corporation (SIIC). This company is invested in 14 other enterprises,
the majority of which were in KwaZulu-Natal.
The largest joint venture
operation involving a Chinese company is ASA Metals in Polokwane. Chinese company
Sinosteel, a raw materials supplier and sales agent for major Chinese steel mills,
has partnered with the Limpopo Province Development Corporation in a project that
is mining 400 000 tonnes of chrome ore per annum and producing 120 000 tons per
annum of ferrochrome from an on-site smelter.
COSCO, a Beijing-based global
shipping company, and First Automotive Works, a 2005 Fortune 500 vehicle manufacturer,
are two examples of Chinese companies using South Africa as a base for their regional
activities. COSCO Africa has a 55 percent share in a joint venture with Rennies
called Cosren Shipping Agency and also manages COSCO Group's operations in Southern
and Western Africa. FAW has an assembly plant in Gauteng where it assembles trucks
and buses for the SADC market. Its sales program extends as far as Uganda. FAW
South Africa's company slogan is "China's Gateway into Sub-Saharan Africa."
During November 2006 South African ferro-chrome producer Samancor Chrome
announced that they had signed two finance and production deals with Chinese firms.
One agreement was with China Development Bank and state-owned steel and metals
trader Sinosteel, inked at the recent FOCAC trade summit in Beijing. The deal
created a strategic partnership in which the bank would provide money for future
expansions of ferro-chrome production in South Africa. A second agreement was
between Samancor and Sinosteel under which Samancor would create a company, Tubatse
Chrome, to own a chrome mine that fed five existing furnaces in South Africa,
then sell 50 percent of that company to Sinosteel. Tubatse would have ferro-chrome
capacity of 280,000 tonnes per year. China has become a big investor in mining
and natural resources in Africa as it seeks the raw materials to feed its economic
Huawei Technologies, a diversified electronics company and perhaps
China's most global, has 30 branch offices in Africa and over the past 2 years
in Kenya, Nigeria, and Zimbabwe.
Questions and answers
Deputy Minister Pahad, you say it is becoming an increasing phenomenon of South
Africans being deported. What advice would you have for South Africans traveling
Answer It is very difficult to advise South Africans
on how to proceed since this is not a transparent process. It is now increasingly
common that South Africans who have been regularly traveling to the US are now
being disallowed entry.
We are not sure on what basis these decisions are
taken. We have asked the US authorities, using the Habib case as an example, for
more information in this regard. We have not had any response to this matter.
Unless we have a multilateral system in place to deal with this matter, increasing
numbers of South Africans may find themselves on some listing.
What I can
suggest is that South Africans check with the Embassies of the countries to which
they will be traveling.
Question Deputy Minister, regarding the matter
of South African troops to Somalia - has a decision been taken? There are reports
that the Ethiopian forces are withdrawing although the Somali government is denying
Answer We expect that the Minister of Defence, having
had discussions and analysed our resources will brief President Mbeki in the next
few days on our capacity to contribute forces for the AU Mission.
will inform Cabinet's decision on whether South Africa will be able to provide
troops to the AU Mission or not.
Question Deputy Minister Pahad, is Somaliland
on the agenda of the African Union later this week?
is a very complex situation. We do have the report of the AU in this regard. I
do believe we should begin to study this AU report and through the AU structures
see what the consequences of this report can be.
The Transitional Authority
has also made a statement that Somaliland is part of the broader Somalia. This
has led to widespread demonstrations in Somaliland.
We will have to deal
with this matter within the AU and I do hope this matter can be discussed at a
Question Deputy Minister Pahad, what is South Africa's
position regarding the US military buildup in the Persian Gulf and Iraq? Also,
Mr Larijani, Iran's chief negotiator was invited by your government to have discussions
in South Africa. Is this visit still on? Does it indicate that South Africa will
be playing a greater role in this situation?
Answer We will do
a more extensive briefing on the Middle East next week. Mr Larijani was scheduled
to visit South Africa - but as you are aware, our programme is very full at the
moment. We are looking for mutually convenient dates for Mr Larijani and President
Mbeki. This will be an important visit since we will be able to get a sense of
Iran's position regarding the nuclear issue. Only yesterday the European Union
has indicated they are considering imposing sanctions even more serious than those
imposed by the UN. Yes, we would want Mr Larijani to come at a convenient time
and we hope it will be soon.
Question Deputy Minister Pahad, is Somalia
on the agenda of the Cabinet Lekgotla at the moment?
is constantly discussed at a government level. We did discuss it at the Lekgotla
and during the IRPS Cluster presentation. As I have said, Minister Lekota will
brief the President in the next few days.
Question Deputy Minister Pahad,
this "hold" that will be placed regarding the Docrats - what does this
mean, is it indefinite and with whom are you consulting on this matter?
We must discuss with the US authorities at various levels since the Docrat's
are being listed at their request. The US has given notice that, irrespective
of processes in the Security Council, they will list the Docrats on their own
domestic terrorist list. This action will have serious consequences for the individuals
Lawyers for the Docrats have informed us, through the media,
they are submitting documents to Foreign Affairs and to the Minister of Intelligence.
We are not in possession of these documents. They may indicate why the Docrats
have been listed.
Let me say, South Africa's position on the fight against
terror is unequivocal - we are signatories to most of the UN and AU conventions
on terrorism - we are committed to fighting terrorism where ever it may occur
in whatever manifestation.
Our putting a hold on these names does not mean
we are soft on terrorism - we just want to be certain that those listed have been
listed legitimately. Listed people, in terms of the 2004 law, could challenge
any decisions taken in terms of listings in other countries. We must ensure we
are not bogged down by expensive litigation in this regard.
Minister of Foreign Affairs has today indicated that we will place a hold on these
names while discussions continue.
Question Deputy Minister Pahad, you
have mentioned that South Africans are increasingly finding themselves the victims
of unforeseen deportations. Do you have numbers in this regard? Will you discuss
this in any multilateral forum where you can get more answers?
I am not sure if only South Africans are being targeted in this regard or
that this is an anti-South African campaign. I want to believe that in the last
few years, there has been a tightening of entry requirements into the European
Union, the US and other countries.
We do know that since 9/11 we receive
many more reports of South Africans being unceremoniously deported without due
cause. We get constant letters from various Islamic organisations. We are not
able to collate the number and have asked the organisations to assist with giving
us a consolidated report of these instances of deportation.
is a perception that there is a targeted action against South African's of Islamic
Faith. Whether this is true or not, we do not know.
We do not intend raising
this in any multilateral forum. It is for us to raise it bilaterally with the
countries where this is happening.
As I have said, it is very difficult
to understand why an Executive Director of the HSRC, who has been travelling regularly
to the US for many years, is now targeted and refused entry.
Deputy Minister Pahad, can you indicate what Presidents Mbeki and Hu Jintao will
discuss? Will any agreements be signed?
Answer Yes, we will sign
the following agreements:
- Protocol on Phyto-Sanitary requirements for
the export of pear fruit from China to South Africa
- Protocol on Phyto-Sanitary
Requirements for Export of Table Grapes from South Africa to China
on Phyto-Sanitary Requirements for the Export of Apple Fruit from China to South
- Protocol on Phyto-Sanitary Requirements for the Export of Tobacco-Leaf
from the China to South Africa
- Agreement between South Africa and the
PRC on Co-operation in the Minerals and Energy Sector.
- Memorandum of Understanding
regarding the Establishment of the South Africa-China Minerals and Energy Sectoral
- Agreement on Economic and Technical Co-operation
between South Africa and the PRC.
We will also discuss global matters
- we are now on the Security Council - we will have to discuss our common approach
to many of the issues that will arise during the next few months - on the African
continent, Kosovo, the Middle East.
But most importantly we want to discuss
the broader political issues and how to implement the economic agreements to give
concrete expression to the commitments undertaken by the Chinese government at
the FOCAC. We must develop this developmental approach quoted by the Chinese official.
Discussions will be political and economic.
Question Deputy Minister
Pahad, are there any new developments regarding the refuge sought by the Burundian
leader in your Embassy in Burundi?
Answer The leader of the ruling
party of Burundi has taken refuge in our Embassy. He said he attended at a meeting
at the Embassy and upon conclusion he found that his bodyguards had been changed.
Being familiar with the underground structures, he perceived this to mean an assassination
on his life was imminent. He therefore took refuge in our Embassy.
expected that he will meet with the President this afternoon and the matter will
be resolved. But it is also clear that incidents such as these prevent the final
touches to be added to the implementation of the peace process.
It is also
clear that new dimensions are being added to the Burundian political climate.
We must maintain the progress made until now.
Question Deputy Minister
Pahad, I heard your explanation regarding your vote on Myanmar. Will the South
African government, outside of this, condemn human rights abuses in Myanmar?
Before and after we came to government, we consistently called for an approach
that would make a break through in finding a political solution in Myanmar.
There are many reports from governments, NGOs, etc that indicate the levels of
violence in Myanmar, the human rights violations, reports of forced labour.
We are quite keen that these matters be addressed.
For example, on the
abuse of labour, we hope that the International Labour Organisation (ILO) of which
South Africa is the current chair - will be able take this matter up.
hope issues of violations of human rights must be taken to the relevant structures
with the mandates to deal with these matters so that we can determine a way forward.
We are in contact with ASEAN countries to try to get a sense of what more they
can do to bring more pressure - and I say pressure in its total manifestations,
discussions, etc - to ensure that ASEAN as the regional body can play an increasingly
prominent role in addressing the situation in Myanmar. We will continue to be
critical of the situation that has arisen in Myanmar and we will continue to support
initiatives through the relevant structures.
Issued by Department of
Private Bag X152