Notes following briefing by Deputy Minister Aziz Pahad
Centre, Amphitheatre, Union Buildings, Thursday 21 June 2007
FIFA president Sepp Blatter on a visit to South Africa this
week said, "There are people who still say they can organise a better World
Cup elsewhere. But because SA's organisation has been so good, there is always
going to be criticism."
"There is always going to be jealousy
because the World Cup is coming here. If you (SA) were not good, you would not
be getting so much criticism. You may rest assured that nothing will take this
World Cup from Africa. Nothing but God."
"After what I have seen
here today, I can say we are on track. I am very optimistic."
will be very happy to go to Cape Town and meet with mayor Helen Zille and speak
about Cape Town. But I am sure that based on what I have seen (on video) and what
I have been told; I do not expect any problems."
On 18th July 2007
millions of South Africans and the world will be celebrating former President
Nelson Mandela's 89th birthday. The South African government is excited by President
Blatter's announcements that a star-studded Africa team will play against a star-studded
world team to celebrate the occasion.
This will be another important occasion
to showcase South Africa and Africa and put to rest any unfounded views that we
will not be able to host a successful World Cup in 2010.
South African President Thabo Mbeki supported by Foreign Minister
Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma will attend the 9th African Union Heads of State and
Government Summit in Accra, Ghana from Sunday - Tuesday 1-3 July 2007.
Summit will be preceded by the 11th Executive Council session scheduled from Thursday
- Friday 28-29 June 2007. Minister Dlamini Zuma will depart for this meeting on
the morning of the 28 June 2007.
The Assembly at its meeting in January
2007 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia decided to devote the 9th session of the forthcoming
Summit to the Grand Debate on the Union Government.
The Summit, by focusing
on the Union Government of Africa seeks to bring to finality this debate that
has been going on since 1963.
Also on the agenda of the Summit is the election
of the Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson and Commissioners of the African Union
Commission, as the terms of the current incumbents come to an end in September
The Heads of State and Government will also consider the report of
the NEPAD Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee on the Integration
of NEPAD into the Headquarters and Procedures of the African Union.
African Peer Review Forum will be held on the margins of the Summit. Algeria and
South Africa are due for review.
The Pan-African Infrastructure Development
Fund will be launched on 1 July 2007. This follows a decision that Africa should
utilise its own funding for it developmental programmes.
ZONE OF PEACE
The Zone of Peace and Security (ZPCSA) held its 6th Ministerial
Meeting in Luanda, Angola on the 18th and 19th of June 2007. The Zone brings together
24 members states that share a coastline in the South Atlantic Ocean and comprises
21 African states and 3 South American states that include Angola, Benin, Cameroon,
Cape Verde, Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo,
Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Liberia, Namibia,
Nigeria, Sao Tomé y Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, South Africa,
Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay.
South Africa hosted the 4th Ministerial meeting
of Member States of the Zone on 1 and 2 April 1996 at Somerset West.
Africa recognizes the benefits of its membership to this Zone and wishes to support
the most recent endeavours undertaken following the 6th Ministerial meeting and
stands ready to support Angola in this regard, as it holds the Chairmanship of
the Zone for the next two years.
Whilst the primary objective of the Zone
was to achieve peace and security, the Zone Members have subsequently called for
broader cooperation amongst its members in various fields. The most recent meeting
in Luanda affirmed these calls by adopting the Luanda Plan of Action.
benefits of cooperation amongst the members of the Zone will make a significant
contribution to the development of the South. The Zone members will make conscious
efforts to facilitate the flow of goods and services among its member states,
a benefit that can only be achieved through the peace dividend that we increasingly
seem to enjoy in the region.
The Luanda Plan of Action identified four
Economic Cooperation (partnerships for sustainable development /
- clean fuels and environmentally friendly energy
/ bio fuels
- agricultural and livestock production
- human resource
- infrastructure development
Prevention and Combating drug trafficking, Transnational Organized Crime including
- exchange of best practice in illicit drug combating
cooperation for human and institutional capacity building
database establishment and judicial cooperation
- early warning systems
on trans-national organized criminal activities
and Security (including conflict prevention and Peace building within the Zone)
- regional cooperation and coordination through other regional bodies
(SADC, ECOWAS, CEMAC and the OAS)
- joint peace-keeping exercises
in the areas of capacity building / logistics / information exchanges vis a vis
- exchanges and facilitation of best practices and establishment
of databases vis a vis national institutions on peacekeeping, conflict resolution,
peace building etc
Scientific Research, Environment and Marine issues
in the protection and responsible management of marine resources
on issues of intellectual property rights regarding genetic marine resources in
areas beyond national jurisdictions
- combat illegal spillages and dumping
of toxic waste
- research issue of mutual interest in marine biodiversity
(Comment by Deputy Minister: The greatest concern is
that the Atlantic Ocean is experiencing what we call the Super Exploitation of
our resources. We have taken decisions that we will work together to try to combat
this Super Exploitation of our natural resources by developed countries. This
meeting spent a lot of time attempting to co-ordinate our efforts to deal with
We call on all civil society organizations, academia, think-tanks
and business, amongst other sectors could find equally promising opportunities
for outreach and mutual benefit.
Prime Minister Pakalitha
Mosisili paid an Official Visit to South Africa from Monday 18 - Wednesday 20
Security Situation in Lesotho
An indefinite curfew has been
imposed in Lesotho's capital Maseru after a series of attacks by gunmen targeting
senior political figures and their bodyguards, police said on Tuesday 19 June
Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili, who held talks Tuesday with South
African President Thabo Mbeki in Cape Town, acknowledged there was still some
"unhappiness" about the allocation of parliamentary seats following
the elections but insisted any disputes should be resolved by the courts.
SADC Troika did take a decision that it would attempt to resolve this matter.
The Commonwealth is also involved in trying to resolve this matter because as
you know, the Commonwealth was instrumental in drafting the constitution in Lesotho.
It is on the basis of this that these challenges are now being proposed. We do
hope we can quickly normalise this situation through the SADC Troika and that
any differences that continue to emerge be handled through the legal system. We
call on those who are reverting to violence to halt such behaviour. We hope that
the SADC Troika will act decisively to bring some stability to this matter.
(curfew) follows a series of attacks made on ministers and their bodyguards since
June 11," national police spokesperson Inspector Pheello Mphana said in Maseru.
"About six ministerial bodyguards were attacked and disarmed by unknown gunmen
and this has affected security in the country.".
Prime Minister Mosili
however told reporters in Cape Town that the curfew was unavoidable although he
indicated it would be relaxed to allow residents to get home by 8pm rather than
6pm. The measure was first introduced at the weekend.
"It was precipitated
by... certain very unfortunate incidents in which the residences of ministers
were being attacked," he said.
"These things happened under the
cover of darkness, which is why the commissioner thought it necessary to contain
these acts of crime and to impose a curfew."
UNITED NATIONS SECURITY
COUNCIL VISIT TO AFRICA
South Africa, and the United Kingdom, headed
a visit of the United Nations Security Council to the Headquarters of the African
Union in Addis Ababa, to Accra, Ghana as well as to Sudan, Cote d'Ivoire and Democratic
Republic of Congo (DRC) from Saturday - Friday 16-22 June 2007.
Africa's co-leadership in Addis Ababa the UNSC held discussions with the African
Union Peace and Security Council (PSC) which focused on identifying ways in which
the cooperation between the two bodies can be further enhanced. The discussions
also addressed some of the conflict situations on the agendas of the UNSC and
the AU PSC.
The visit by the UNSC to Africa generally comes against the
backdrop of positive developments in some of the countries on the agenda of the
UNSC. The successful elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the
signing of the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement by the leaders of Cote d' Ivoire both
signal new beginnings for these countries. It is imperative that the international
community continues its support to ensure that progress achieved is not reversed.
Joint Communiqué Agreed By The UN Security Council And AU Peace
And Security Council
Addis Ababa, 16 June 2007
1. Recalling that the United
Nations Security Council (UNSC) has the primary responsibility for the maintenance
of international peace and security;
2. Recalling the provisions of Chapter
VIII of the United Nations (UN) Charter on the relationship with regional arrangements;
Recalling the mandate of the African Union Peace and Security Council (AU PSC)
with regard to the maintenance of peace and security in Africa, as provided for
in the relevant provisions of the Protocol Relating to the establishment of the
Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU);
the Presidential Statements and decisions of the UNSC and AU PSC on the relationship
between the two bodies;
5. Recognising the contribution made by the AU,
Regional Economic Communities and the UN in promoting peace in Africa;
Underlining the importance of support for the operationalization of the African
Peace and Security Architecture and in this context encouraging the implementation
of the 10-year programme for capacity building between the UN Secretariat and
the AU Commission;
7. At our joint meeting here today, we commit ourselves
to the development of a stronger and more structured relationship between the
UNSC and the AU PSC, inter alia on conflict prevention, management and resolution,
peacekeeping and peace building, including Post Conflict Reconstruction and Development,
as well as sharing of information on conflict situations on the agendas of the
8. We express our support for the strengthening of AU capacity
within the Commission in all relevant areas, such as planning and logistics, and
in particular the establishment of a well-resourced peacekeeping capability, as
well as in the fields of conflict prevention, management and resolution.
We attach particular importance to the development of the African Standby Force.
We agree to consider, including on the basis of the forthcoming report from the
UN Secretary-General, the modalities for supporting and improving in a sustained
way the resource base and capacity of the AU. In doing so, we will bear in mind
that in taking initiatives for the promotion of peace and security in Africa in
terms of Chapter VIII of the UN Charter the AU is also acting on behalf of the
international community, and we will examine the possibility of the financing
of a peacekeeping operation undertaken by the AU or under its authority, as requested
in the decision of the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government (Assembly/AU/Dec.145(VIII)).
(Comment by Deputy Minister: This is very important because until recently
South Africa had to play a major role in funding what were African Union operations
until the United Nations would take them over as UN operations. The UN is now
seriously considering that AU operations can be funded by the UN before this blue-hatting
11. We agree to strengthen the relationship between all the
relevant structures of the UNSC and AU PSC, including their subsidiary bodies.
We agree to hold joint meetings between the UNSC and the AU PSC, at least once
a year, either in Addis Ababa or New York.
13. We express support for closer
co-operation between the UN Secretariat and the AU Commission, particularly on
conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peace building.
14. We encourage
the sharing of experiences on working methods between the two bodies.
We encourage close consultations between the AU and the UNSC as decisions are
being prepared on issues affecting peace and security in Africa.
further our relationship we will consider how best to improve the effectiveness
of AU and UN peace efforts in Africa and how to strengthen coordination between
the AU and the UN. We look forward to further joint consideration at our next
(Comment by Deputy Minister: It is our view that this new joint
communiqué has strengthened the relationship between the Security Council
and the African Union in a structured way and we can only benefit from this in
terms of our conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction initiatives
Subsequent to the Addis Ababa High
Level Consultations on the situation in Darfur of 16 November 2006 which was endorsed
by the AU Peace and Security Council Summit on Darfur on 30 November 2006 and
later endorsed in the Presidential Statement (S/PRST/2006/55) by the United Nations
Security Council - which called for a comprehensive approach to the peace process
in Darfur, including reenergizing the political process, strengthening the ceasefire
and the following three phased approach:
- a light support package
heavy support package and
- a hybrid operation.
The UNSG and the
Chairperson of the African Union Commission presented a joint report to the SC
of 25 May 2007. We are all bound by this report since it is a joint report, whether
or not we are members of the Security Council.
The report inter alia
Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA)
The DPA has failed to achieve
its objectives of bringing peace and security to the people of Darfur. The appointment
of two Special Envoys who have been holding consultations with all relevant parties,
including the Government of Sudan. The outcome has been that both the Government
of Sudan (GoS) and other parties have accepted that the DPA cannot be considered
as a "take it or leave it" document. However, it was also understood
that the agreement would not be re-negotiated in its entirety. The parties consulted
also agreed that a political solution is the only way forward to a lasting peace
DPA provisions on Wealth Sharing
No progress has been made
with regard to the implementation of the aforesaid provisions. Darfur Joint Assessment
Mission (D-JAM) appointed to assess development and reconstruction has suspended
its work due to lack of security. A donors pledging conference had to be postponed
due to processes that have not been finalized.
DPA provisions on Comprehensive
Ceasefire and Final Security
Violation of ceasefire is still continuing and
that has been due to constraints largely related to logistics and funding as well
as the lack of an all-inclusive political process.
The importance of
fragmentation of non-signatory group whose reunification of their leaders is critical
for the efforts of AU-UN Joint Mediation to bear fruits as well as a sustainable
and self enforced cease-fire.
(Comment by Deputy Minister: I raise this
because it illustrates that the matter is much more complicated than just the
mere intransigence of the Sudanese government on the matter of the joint AU-UN
Funding has also been a challenge. The cost of providing
the representatives of non-signatory groups with allowances is very high for AMIS
- whose funding is unpredictable. To address this, the AMIS in consultation with
international partners decided to reduce the number of representatives of the
parties and that will subsequently reduce the mission's subsistence allowances.
On the Three phased package the report states:
Light support package
Support Package consisted of equipment and deployment of personnel in logistical
and material support area, military staff support area, advisory support to civilian
police, as well as civilian support in the areas of mine action. There has been
a hold in the deployment of additional personnel who have been identified and
recruited. This has been due to the construction of office facilities and living
accommodations that are compliant with UN safety and security standards in Darfur.
The lack of security has also been a major challenge with regard to the full implementation
of the Light Support Package.
Heavy Support Package
This package consisted
of military, police, mission support personnel and equipment as well as civilian
staff to provide support in a range of areas, including civilian affairs, humanitarian
liaison, public information, mine action and support to the Darfur political process.
Certain substantive capacities of the HSP have been redesigned and will be undertaken.
A speedy implementation of this package depends on cooperation with AU
by Member States' contribution of troops and police, the agreement of the GoS
on land and water drilling in Darfur, deployment of two additional AMIS battalions
with requisite equipment as well as the restructuring of AMIS from its present
eight sector structure to three sectors. This process also depends on international
partner's support for expansion of seven AMIS camps to accommodate the deployment
of the two additional AMIS battalions, the three sector headquarters and temporarily,
HSP engineering elements
AU-UN Hybrid Operation
The mandate of the Hybrid
Operation and its tasks includes, support for peace process and good offices;
security; the rule of law, governance and human rights and humanitarian assistance.
regard to the structure of the Hybrid Operation, the Joint AU-UN Special Representative
(JSR), Mr. Rodolphe Adada, will be the head of the Operation. His duties will
involve overall authority over the peacekeeping mission in Darfur, oversee the
implementation of its mandate and be responsible for mission's management and
functioning. A Deputy joint AU-UN Special Representative (DJSR) as his deputy
and they will both report to the AU Commissioner for Peace and Security and the
UN under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations.
The Force Commander
and Police Commissioner for the Hybrid will be appointed by the AU in consultation
with UN. The Force Commander will be an African. They will both be reporting to
the JSR and their deputies will also be appointed to assist them. The Force Commander
will exercise command and control over air support assets through the Joint Operations
Centre (JOC) and over mission enablers through the Joint Logistics Operations
With regard to command and control, while the Force Commander
will be an African, the management of the Operation will be based on the United
Nations standards, principles and established practice.
In terms of the
Addis Ababa conclusions as endorsed by the 66th Abuja PSC, it is assumed that
UN Member States will consider a recommendation from the Secretary-General to
provide funding for the Hybrid Operation in Darfur through the UN assessed budget
governed by UN Financial Rules and Regulations.
Regarding the force and
personnel generation, based on Addis Ababa conclusions and the 66th Abuja PSC
communiqué, the peacekeeping force will have to be predominantly African.
Offers from African troop and police contributing countries (T/PCC) will therefore
be considered first. However if T/PCC are unable to meet the Hybrid force requirements,
other T/PCC offers will be considered. The final T/PCC will be agreed upon by
the AU and the UN after due consultation with the GoS. The police and force generation
process will follow United Nations General Assembly rules and regulations
The civilian personnel will have to be hired under UN contracts and in accordance
with established UN selection and recruitment guidelines, standards and procedures.
All UN-AU personnel deployed to the Mission shall be administered in accordance
with UN rules, regulations, policies, directives and administrative instructions
as well as standard operating procedures including, but not limited to those relating
to performance, conduct and discipline
The proposed mandate of the Hybrid
Operation in Darfur will be the following:
- To contribute to the restoration
of necessary security conditions for the safe provision of humanitarian assistance
and to facilitate full humanitarian access throughout Darfur;
- To contribute
to the protection of civilian populations under imminent threat of physical violence
and prevent attacks against civilians, within its capability and areas of deployment,
without prejudice to the responsibility of the Government of Sudan;
monitor, observe compliance with and verify the implementation of various ceasefire
agreements signed since 2004, as well as assist with the implementation of the
DPA and any subsequent agreements;
- To assist the political process in
order to ensure it is inclusive and to support the AU-UN Joint Mediation in its
efforts to broaden and deepen commitment to the peace process;
- To contribute
to a secure environment for economic reconstruction and development as well as
the sustainable return of IDPs and refugees to their homes; and
- To contribute
to the promotion of respect for and protection of human rights and fundamental
freedoms in Darfur;
- To assist in the promotion of the rule of law in Darfur
including through support to strengthening an independent judiciary and the prison
system and assistance in the development and consolidation of the national legal
- To monitor and report on the security situation at Sudan's
borders with Chad and the Central African Republic
The Hybrid Operation
will consist of the following component
- Political affairs component
- Military component
- Police component
Demobilization and Reintegration component
- Human rights component
of law, judicial and prisons advisory component
- Humanitarian liaison
- HIV/AIDS support
- Mine action
- Safety and Security
- Mission support
With regard to Chad and CAR, the Hybrid Operation will establish civilian
military liaison offices there for coordination with Chadian and CAR authorities
in the border region as well as AU-UN offices in these countries. Chad and Sudan
should be encouraged to respect each other's territorial sovereignty and should
implement the existing agreement of non-aggression. Regional actors should also
use their influence over some rebel groups to support a peaceful resolution of
Need to sustain the AMIS operation and urges Member
States to find a viable and sustained solution to AMIS's financial problems in
the context of deployment of the hybrid operation.
Lack of infrastructure
and geographical conditions also poses logistical challenges for the peacekeeping
presence to be deployed in time in Darfur.
The Operation will function
separately from UNMIS, but there will be a liaison component between UNMIS and
the Hybrid Operation so as to ensure complementary of efforts between the AU and
UN in respect of DPA and Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Also that there
will be liaison arrangements between the Hybrid Operation and Special Envoys of
the UN and AU. The report also highlights that the Operation will function separately
from the humanitarian operations.
Reaction of the UNSC
We are pleased
that the United Nations Security Council on Friday, 25 May 2007 welcomed the report
of the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission on
the hybrid operation in Darfur and also noted that this agreement is an important
development in the comprehensive approach to the peace process in Darfur.
The Security Council also called for the full implementation without delay
of the United Nations light and heavy support packages of assistance to AMIS,
as well as for the report of the Secretary-General and Chairperson of the African
Union Commission on the hybrid operation to be considered and taken forward immediately.
also demanded that all parties must meet their international obligations, support
the political process, end violence against civilians and attacks on peacekeepers
and facilitate humanitarian relief.
South Africa believes that this proposal
is largely in line with the previous agreements, resolutions and communiqués
(i.e. Addis Ababa high-level meeting, summit level meeting of AU PSC, etc).
We welcome the progress that has been made with regard to the Light Support
Package and should call for a speedy implementation of the Heavy Support Package
which is incidentally, the deployment of at least 3000 African troops - this is
being held back by the lack of funding. We therefore call on the international
community to urgently provide funding for implementation of this phase.
Africa urges the Member States to provide funding for the Hybrid Operation in
Darfur through the UN assessed budget.
South Africa urges both the GoS
and rebel groups to adhere to the ceasefire agreements as this will be of assistance
in protecting the civilians.
South Africa commends the peacekeeping mission
provided by AMIS in Darfur and should support the call towards strengthening and
sustaining AU mission (AMIS) in Darfur as the implementation of proposed Operation
will not happen overnight.
Acceptance by Sudanese government of Hybrid
"The Sudanese leadership, at the level of the President of the Republic,
has confirmed that the State of Sudan is committed to all the agreements signed
- including the recent agreement signed in Addis Ababa on a hybrid operation in
Darfur," Sudan's Foreign Minister, Lam Akol, told reporters.
President of the Republic has made it clear that the ball is now in the court
of the United Nations," he added.
The United Nations Security Council
also visit Sudan the purpose of which was to reaffirm the Council's commitment
to the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Sudan while encouraging
its Government and other parties to engage constructively in the Darfur peace
In addition the aim was to "achieve without delay, full agreement"
on deploying the hybrid operation. The Council also "came to encourage all
parties here to fully implement the ceasefire agreement," the delegation
Ambassador Emyr Jones Parry of the United Kingdom said the Security
Council would seek financing for the force from the UN's regular peacekeeping
budget, meaning that the cost would be borne by all UN Member States.
all laid heavy emphasis in two long constructive meetings and over lunch"
on the hybrid force with emphasis on the need "to accelerate the implementation
and get that in place as soon as possible," he said.
"there isn't going to be an enduring peace unless there is a political settlement,"
he said Council members called for accelerated efforts on that front. "The
Government confirmed its commitment to pursue that, and I quote the Minister,
'aggressively' - meaning that the Government is fully committed to it."
officials also provided "certain assurances" on humanitarian access
to those in need.
On the need for a ceasefire, Ambassador Jones Parry said
the Council members stressed that Government "should exercise a measure of
self-restraint faced with lots of temptations given the performance of the rebels."
We do believe as the Secretary-General has said that there are positive
developments that must be encouraged to continue. It is therefore quite surprising
that we continue to hear strident calls for sanctions. We do believe that such
actions will not support the processes in any way and only serve to hinder what
progress has been made. We therefore call on all countries calling for sanctions
to read the Secretary-General's report and statements and to give more support
to the processes.
Sudan leader scoffs at Darfur sanctions
Omar al-Bashir said on Tuesday 19 June 2007 he was not concerned by the prospect
of more US sanctions, saying existing ones had helped his country to stand on
its own two feet.
Security Situation in Sudan
The United Nations Mission
in Sudan (UNMIS) said the security situation in the southern Darfur town of Gereida
has not improved and militia attacks against civilians, especially women, are
UNMIS conducted the visit to Gereida to follow up on the Darfur
Peace Agreement's (DPA) effect on the overall security situation, livelihoods
and tribal reconciliation, according to a news bulletin issued by the Mission.
The UNMIS team found that Janjaweed attacks outside towns were ongoing
and women were still subject to rape and harassment.
In a related development,
the UN World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed France's offer to airlift life-saving
humanitarian assistance to a growing number of Sudanese refugees and displaced
Chadians living in an "increasingly precarious situation."
the onset of the rainy season, thousands of refugees and internally displaced
people will face even greater hardship. This airlift will help avoid any critical
gaps in our operation to feed thousands of people," said WFP Executive Director
WFP aimed to pre-position a six-month supply of food to
feed 240,000 Sudanese refugees in 12 camps and 150,000 internally displaced persons
(IDPs) in eastern Chad through the rainy season from June to November. So far,
it has managed to build four months of food stocks.
Security Council delegation visiting Africa wrapped up its visit on Tuesday 19
June 2007 to Côte d'Ivoire, where the role of the United Nations in staging
elections scheduled for later this year was the focus of discussions with the
leaders of the divided West African country.
The delegation held talks
with President Laurent Gbagbo and Prime Minister Guillaume Soro.
stressed that the UN which operates a peacekeeping mission in Côte d'Ivoire
should remain involved in the country, to certify the identification process,
help in the organization of elections and to implement the peace agreement reached
in March 2007.
That accord, known as the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement, sets
out a series of measures to deal with the political divide in Côte d'Ivoire,
which has been split between the Government-controlled south and the rebel Forces
Nouvelles-held north since 2002.
Among other steps, the agreement calls
for creating a new transitional government, organizing free and fair presidential
elections, and merging the Forces Nouvelles and the national defence and security
forces through the establishment of an integrated command centre.
calls for dismantling the militias, disarming ex-combatants and enrolling them
in civil services programmes, as well as replacing the so-called zone of confidence
separating north and south with a green line to be monitored by UNOCI.
Security Council delegation and the Ivorian officials discussed the modalities
of how the UN can assist the process leading up to elections scheduled for later
this year, as well as the elections themselves.
As you are aware, President
Mbeki held discussions with Prime Minister Soros in Cape Town yesterday 20 June
2007. He briefed the President on progress regarding the transitional processes,
to thank the President for his support of the peace process and to invite President
Mbeki to the Ceremony of the Flame in Bouake.
The Ivorians have started
the process of deploying magistrates to issue birth certificates and cards to
the citizens to start the identification process by the end of June 2007.
18th June Prefects have been deployed to all territories.
There is agreement
that the UN will oversee the electoral process and to validate them.
key issue of whether the UN Higher Representative should continue to deal with
the issues or whether this task should be transferred to the Special Representative
of the Secretary-General is expected to be discussed by the Security Council and
a decision will be taken after consultations with the Mediator, President Blaise
South Africa welcomes the agreement in Dar
es Salaam on 17 June between the President of Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza, and leader
of the Palipehutu-FNL Agathon Rwasa concerning the implementation of the Comprehensive
Ceasefire Agreement. South Africa urges both parties to maintain the progress
made in Dar es Salaam to allow for the earliest recovery and consolidation of
The UN Secretary-General also welcomed the agreement and expressed
his deep thanks to Tanzania, South Africa and the African Union for their valuable
contributions to the peace process, and assures the people of Burundi that the
United Nations will continue to support their efforts to bring lasting peace to
The situation remains very volatile and tense.
South African government however, welcomes the news that the Somali government
has announced that they will pardon suspected insurgents and release those detained
in connection with recent fighting in a move to encourage national reconciliation:
"The amnesty is intended to allow those who fought the government directly
or indirectly to come out and participate in the reconciliation process,"
Justice Minister Hassan Dhimbil Warsame told reporters on 19 June.
pardon was announced in a presidential decree on 18 June. "The aim is to
reduce lingering animosity caused by the fighting between the insurgents and Ethiopian-backed
The decision, which follows the postponement of
the national reconciliation conference from 14 July to 15 July, does not cover
those who "engage in international terrorism."
While the South
African government welcomes this amnesty, we are concerned that attempts to find
a political solution are continuously stalled, since to find a political solution
is the only viable way forward.
The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General
to Somalia, François Fall, welcomed the amnesty, saying it was "a
good decision and a step in the right direction." However, he said, the government
needed to take it further and allow more people to participate in the reconciliation
process that will culminate in the national conference due to be held in the capital
UIC Oppose Reconciliation Conference
The much anticipated
Somalia national reconciliation conference may not take place after all because
of inter-clan suspicion and the demand by the ousted Union of Islamic Courts (UIC)
that it must be held on neutral grounds.
As the conference failed to take
place for the second time, a communiqué was issued by UIC leaders in Doha,
Qatar, on June 7 during a two day conference, in which the UIC insisted that there
would be no genuine reconciliation until Ethiopian troops left Somalia.
two-day Doha conference, organised by a lobby group, the Foreign Interventions
and the Future of the Horn of Africa was attended by UIC leaders led by the chairman
Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, Somali parliamentarians led by the former speaker
Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan and representatives of the Somali diaspora.
other issues, the conference said the reconciliation conference in Somalia called
by the TFG was part of a wider campaign of fragmenting the Somali society so as
to cement the occupation by Ethiopian forces.
Under no circumstances can
any legitimate meeting be held under Ethiopian occupation," the communiqué
said. "While the reconciliation conference is a national demand, it must
be based on a national agenda and should be held at a neutral venue in which all
concerned parties can participate with a sense of security.
Such a conference
should deal with the political differences among Somali clans to decide the future
of the country and the destiny of the nation," it added.
conference accused Ethiopia of being an occupying force that has committed atrocities,
looting, mass displacement and rape, besides arguing that the high-handedness
of the Ethiopian troops is responsible for the destruction and spread of violence
and instability in the Horn of Africa.
The conference demanded that the
UN Security Council take responsibility for the affected and displaced persons
and punish those who obstruct relief aid from reaching them and called for the
establishment a Somali national movement "for the liberation of the country
from the foreign occupation" by all legitimate means available.
Ethiopian embassy in Nairobi, maintained that the UIC has no say in the reconciliation
process and that Ethiopia is in Somalia at the invitation of the TFG, which is
the legitimate government recognised by the AU, UN and the Inter-Governmental
Authority on Development (Igad).
"Ethiopia is committed to withdrawal
despite requests by the international community to stay longer in order not to
create a vacuum. We will go by our agreement with the TFG because we are there
to train the police and other security agents. That is why we have opened an embassy
Somalia presidential spokesperson shot
presidential spokesperson was shot twice at close range in the latest assassination
attempt on government officials Somalia officials said on Tuesday 19 June 2007.
was shot in the neck and near the jaw," a security source said. "I think
the gunman was aiming for the head. He wanted to eliminate him."
is reported to be in a stable condition and was to be flown to Nairobi for treatment.
Security Council Presidential Statement
"The Security Council reiterates
its support for the National Reconciliation Congress as a mechanism for much-needed
political dialogue and reconciliation in Somalia. The Security Council calls on
the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the National Governance and Reconciliation
Committee to ensure that the Congress convenes as soon as practicable. The Security
Council appreciates the efforts of Member States and partners to support the early
convening of the Congress and calls for further support. The Security Council
underscores the importance of the Congress:
· addressing in a comprehensive
and meaningful manner issues of political reconciliation, including representation
in the Transitional Federal Institutions; and
· agreeing a road map
for the remainder of the transitional political process, in line with the Transitional
Federal Charter and as laid out in the Roadmap to Governance, National Dialogue,
and Reconciliation in Somalia of 14 March 2007.
"The Security Council
expresses its grave concern regarding the recent pattern of attacks by extremist
elements in Somalia, including the increased use of explosive devices, and condemns
all attempts to use violence to undermine the political process and prevent the
early convening of the National Reconciliation Congress. The Security Council
calls on all Member States to cease immediately any further support for extremist
elements or those who seek to block progress by violent means, and to support
the ongoing efforts towards inclusive political dialogue. The Security Council
recalls its readiness, as set out in its resolution 1744 (2007), to consider measures
against those who block progress in the political process and threaten the Transitional
"The Security Council condemns the attack on
the Prime Minister on 3 June 2007 and the attack on the forces of the African
Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in Mogadishu on 16 May 2007. The Security Council
expresses its deepest sympathies to the families of the victims.
Security Council underlines its appreciation for the efforts of the Ugandan forces
currently deployed in Mogadishu under AMISOM and Uganda's invaluable contribution
to peace and stability in Somalia. The Security Council reiterates its call on
Member States of the African Union to contribute troops for AMISOM, and on other
States and partners to provide financial, technical and logistical support for
"The Security Council emphasizes the urgent need for appropriate
contingency planning for a possible United Nations mission, to be deployed in
Somalia if the Security Council decided to authorize such a mission. The Security
Council looks forward to receiving the report from the Secretary-General regarding
progress in this regard by mid-June.
"The Security Council emphasizes
again the need for strengthened efforts to provide humanitarian relief assistance
to Somalia, including assistance to the hundreds of thousands of displaced persons,
urges Member States to support generously such operations, and demands that all
parties ensure unfettered access for humanitarian assistance."
As you will recall, UN Security Council Resolution 1754 (2007)
on Western Sahara called on the Secretary-General to initiate direct negotiations
between all the parties.
South Africa is happy to note that the Secretary-General
convened negotiations between the parties in New York from 18-19 June. The negotiations
were facilitated by the Secretary-General's Special Envoy Peter Walsum.
South African government welcomes talks carried out under United Nations auspices
on Western Sahara last week outside of New York, with the participation of representatives
of the parties - Morocco and the Frente Polisario - along with neighbours Algeria
The South African government agrees with the comments of
the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs B. Lynn Pascoe that said today
(opening of the meeting) marked the beginning of a new phase in the search for
a solution on Western Sahara.
He urged the parties to proceed in good faith
and to establish an atmosphere of mutual trust, and expressed the UN's firm commitment
to assist in the negotiations, Ms Montas said.
Mr. Pascoe stressed that
the stalemate is becoming "intolerable" and that the dispute over Western
Sahara must be brought to a conclusion through "a mutually agreed solution
that will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara."
The Secretary-General will report to the Council by 30 June with regard
to the status and progress of negotiations.
In a communiqué issued
after the talks, van Walsum said the parties had agreed to continue their negotiations
in Manhasset in the second week of August.
Dlamini Zuma will, following the Ministerial meeting of the African Union Countries
of the Region on Comores in Cape Town earlier this week, in her capacity as the
Chair of the Committee lead a delegation to Comores on Saturday 23 June 2007.
objective of this visit will be mainly to discuss the current developments in
the Comores as well as to prepare for Presidential elections.
The South African government is deeply concerned about recent
developments in occupied Palestine.
The military take over of Gaza by Hamas
and the wanton destruction of property cannot be justified. The invasion and ransacking
of the late President Arafat's house is inexplicable and it is difficult to understand
how any genuine Palestinian patriot could have been party to such activities.
We are very concerned that the fighting in Gaza has resulted in the deaths of
210 Palestinians and over 900 wounded.
A report to the UN Security Council
indicates there have been many grave violations of humanitarian and human rights
law including attacks on hospitals. We believe this cannot be in the interests
of the Palestinian people. We therefore fully support the view of the UN Security
Council that these actions are unacceptable.
The South African government
urges Hamas to end the military occupation of Gaza.
President Mbeki speaking
in Parliament last week called on the Palestinians to end the fratricide and went
on to say, "The victory (the emergence of a Palestinian State) is not possible
on the basis of an internal war for hegemony, fought by the powerless to gain
power over the powerless, at great cost to the masses that have placed their hopes
in the hands of the leadership of both Fatah and Hamas. The incontrovertible truth
is that a just peace with Israel is not possible when Palestine cannot make peace
According to the Palestinian Basic Law, the President
of the National Authority has the right to declare a state of emergency, to dissolve
government and institute an emergency government. This emergency government must
however be ratified by two thirds of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC)
if the President wishes it to continue its tenure longer than 30 days it now legally
Democratically elected President Abbas, using the basic law, has declared
a State of Emergency and formed a new Palestinian Cabinet.
Salam Fayyad Prime minister, finance and foreign affairs
Yehiyeh Interior, civil affairs
Ziad Abdullah Bandak Agriculture, local government
Khalil Deibes Tourism and women Affairs
Mohammed Kamal Hasouneh Economy, public
Lamis Al-Alami Education and culture
Dr. Abdullah Al-Murghi Health
Riyad Al-Malki Justice and information
Jamal Mohammed Bawatneh Religious and social affairs
Mashhour Abu Daqqa Transport
Eid Al-Ajrami Prisoner affairs, youth and sports
The South African government
urges the President and the new Cabinet to take steps to bring about peace and
security in Gaza and work towards attaining the unity of Gaza and the West Bank.
also call on the governments of Egypt, Jordan, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and
the Arab League who have been instrumental in efforts to end the factional violence
in Palestine to spare no effort to ensure the return of peace and the rule of
law in Gaza.
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has invited Prime Minister
Ehud Olmert, Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas and Jordan's King Abdullah
II to attend a summit in Egypt early next week.
A senior aide to President
Abbas, Rabbo aid today Thursday 21 June 2007 that the Palestinians demand concrete
results from the gathering, and warned that if it ended without results, it would
cause more harm than good.
Another senior aide to President Abbas, Saeb
Erakat said that President Abbas will call for a resumption of peace talks with
Israel at the Summit, arguing that only progress toward Palestinian statehood
can serve as a true buffer against Hamas.
"The most important thing
is to realise is that time is of the essence," Erakat said. "We need
to deliver the end of occupation, a Palestinian state. If we don't have hope,
Hamas will export despair to the people."
As immediate steps, Erakat
said, President Abbas will ask Israel to remove West Bank checkpoints that disrupt
daily life and trade and to transfer hundreds of millions of dollars in Palestinian
tax funds Israel froze after Hamas came to power last year.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon voiced concern on Tuesday
19 June 2007 about the continuing humanitarian problems in the Gaza Strip as he
held talks by telephone with Middle East leaders - Prime Minister Salam Fayyad
of the Palestinian National Authority, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and
Jordanian Foreign Minister Daoud Khattab - about the ongoing crisis in the region.
During those talks Mr. Ban and the leaders discussed the humanitarian situation
inside Gaza, where recent fighting between members of the Fatah and Hamas movements
has left dozens of people dead and severely hampered international relief operations,
which a large segment of the local population depends on for daily sustenance.
The discussions also focused on security and political issues, with Mr.
Ban reaffirming his support for Mr. Abbas and the need for a two-State solution
in the Middle East, with Israel and Palestine living side by side in peace and
In an extraordinary meeting held on 15 June 2006, the Arab League
decided, amongst other issues, to "respect the Palestinian national legitimacy
under the leadership of President Mahmoud Abbas, as well as to respect the legitimate
institutions of the Palestinian National Authority stemming from the PLO, including
the elected Palestinian Legislative Council; and to adhere to a unified Palestinian
stance in order to protect the rights of the Palestinian people that have been
put at risk".
Statement of the Quartet
Following is the text of
the statement by the Quartet Principals - Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov,
U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, United Nations Secretary-General Ban
Ki-moon, High Representative for European Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana,
German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and European Commissioner for
External Relations Benita Ferrero-Waldner -- on their June 15 telephone call:
a telephone call on June 15, Quartet Principals shared their deep concern over
the welfare and security of all Palestinians -- especially those in Gaza, whose
lives have been most seriously affected by the ongoing crisis. The Quartet expressed
its support for efforts to meet the humanitarian needs of Palestinians and called
for respect for the human rights of all those in Gaza and the safety and security
of international workers. It called for an urgent end to the violence, and the
cooperation of all parties to ensure appropriate security and access conditions
for the passage of humanitarian goods and personnel both within the Gaza Strip
and at key crossing points.
The Quartet expressed understanding and support
for President Abbas' decisions to dissolve the Cabinet and declare an emergency,
given the grave circumstances. The Quartet recognized the necessity and legitimacy
of these decisions, taken under Palestinian law, and welcomed President Abbas'
stated intention to consult the Palestinian people at the appropriate time. The
Quartet noted its continuing support for other legitimate Palestinian institutions.
The Quartet supports the efforts of responsible regional states to help
calm the situation, and will continue to promote a negotiated, comprehensive,
just and lasting Middle East peace in line with relevant UN Security Council resolutions.
powers vow to back Abbas government
Western powers said on Monday 18 June
2007 they would end a 15-month-old embargo on the Palestinians.
US President George Bush by phone that the time had arrived to resume serious
"The government will pursue its jurisdiction over all
parts of the homeland, regardless of what happened in Gaza," Abbas's Information
Minister, Riyad al-Malki, told reporters after the new government met in the West
Bank city of Ramallah.
This violence has meant
that Gaza is being totally strangled. The UN World Food Programme on Tuesday 19
June 2007 sent its first shipment of food aid into Gaza since the latest wave
of unrest, which forced many aid agencies to suspend operations and Israel to
close border crossings.
Two trucks carrying 51 metric tons of food have
crossed the border between Israel and Gaza and more are expected to follow later
WFP has warned that commercial food stocks in Gaza are depleting
quickly, with stocks having already run out in some areas, due in part to panic
buying of stable goods, and expected to run extremely low in other areas within
Despite the effort a humanitarian catastrophe is unfolding in
The South African government urges the Israeli government to lift
the severe restrictions of the freedom of movement of the Palestinians and release
Palestinian tax funds.
The South African government also urges the international
community to lift sanctions.
have been no major developments but we look forward to the meeting of the EU Foreign
Policy Advisor Javier Solana and Mr Larijani, the Chief Iranian Nuclear Negotiator
on Saturday 23 June 2007.
Questions and answers
Deputy Minister Pahad, regarding South Africa's mediation in Zimbabwe - is it
correct that talks will resume in Pretoria on Friday? Can you give us an indication
of what is happening with the talks?
Answer As the Department of Foreign
Affairs, we are not aware of any meeting that has taken place. We know from the
newspaper reports, and if you look at page 1 of the Star today, that sources from
Zimbabwe have indicated that a meeting did take place and that agreement has been
reached on the agenda items.
My only knowledge has come from the article
on page 1 of The Star. This is all I am aware of and all I can confirm.
It is however clear that, despite our commitment to not discuss the processes,
that information is being leaked.
President Mbeki is scheduled to brief
SADC at the end of the month according to media reports. I suspect this meeting
will take place on the fringes of the AU Summit in Ghana.
Minister Pahad, just for clarity, are you saying that definitely did not sit in
on any talks?
Answer That is what I am saying.
Minister Pahad, there are reports from Portuguese media that the Portuguese Foreign
Minister has said that Zimbabwe would not be welcome to participate in the EU-Africa
Summit at the end of the year. What is your view on this matter?
We are looking for more clarity on this matter from the Portuguese Foreign Minister.
As you know, Minister Dlamini Zuma did meet with the Foreign Minister recently
and also held discussions with the EU Troika in Brussels and the matter of the
Summit to be held in Lisbon in December was discussed.
Minister, is it your determination that Zimbabwe should be at the Summit?
As you know, since the Cairo Summit no further Summit has taken place because
of Europe's insistence that President Mugabe not attend. The decision of the African
Union and prior to that the OAU is that it would be incorrect for our delegation
to be determined by others.
There are so many issues that we need to discuss
between Africa and the Europeans but we should not impose conditions.
the matter of Zimbabwe is such an emotive one for so many countries, then we believe
it should be on the agenda of the meetings.
Question Deputy Minister,
has South Africa been approached by the UN for additional troops to the UN Force
or the AMIS?
Answer Given the constraints on our own resources we are
in constant touch through our Ministries of Defence. We will, if we have the capacity,
see how we can best contribute to the hybrid force.
Minister, regarding Sudan - is it realistic that all 17000 of the troops for the
hybrid force will be African?
Answer There is a general feeling, especially
with the participation of North Africa, that Africa can manage to supply the 17000
troops. Failing this, we will have to look at our options. I think there is no
objection to troops coming from Latin America and Asia. This matter is being discussed
by the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy.
Issued by Department
of Foreign Affairs
Private Bag X152