Eritrea (State of)

History of Relations| Diplomatic Representation | Travel Info | Health Requirements | Climate Info | Currency Info | Trade Info | Visits and Meetings | Agreements | Interest Groups/ Organisations

History of Relations

Eritrea, a former Ethiopian province and Italian Colony, gained independence in 1993. South Africa and the State of Eritrea agreed in 1994 to establish diplomatic relations. Ambassador WAW Nhlapo, South Africa's first non-resident Ambassador to Eritrea, presented his Credentials to President Isaias Afewerki on 12 March 1996.

The Republic of South Africa enjoys cordial bilateral relations with the State of Eritrea. Both countries share issues of mutual interest, including enhancing bilateral political and economic relations, as well as political developments on the continent, particularly in the Horn of Africa. Diplomatic relations between South Africa and Eritrea were established in 1995 and both countries have embassies in each other's capitals.

Diplomatic Representation

South African Representation in Eritrea

H E Mr P M Kumsha
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

South African Embassy

Eritrea Representation in South Africa

H E Mr S O Abdu
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Embassy of Eritrea

Travel Info

Visa requirements for South Africans

For more information contact the Eritrean Embassy in Pretoria.

Health requirements

Malaria is not really a problem in Eritrea, although it does exist. Care should particularly be taken during and after the rain season.

The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Eritrea: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, yellow fever, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza.

COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for travel to all regions, both foreign and domestic.

For further information go to Travellers' Health.

Climate Info

Eritrea can be divided into three major climate zones : the highlands, the lowlands and the coastal region. Each has a different climate pattern. Eritrea have either a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) or a hot desert climate (BWh), although temperatures are much moderated at the highest elevations.


The rainy season is from May to September with average temperatures of 19 degrees Celsius during the day. The dry season is from October to April with average temperatures during the day of 22 degrees Celsius.

Lowland and Coast

This area is hot and humid with day temperatures reaching between 40-45 degrees Celsius.

For up-to-date weather information click here.

Currency Info

The monetary unit is the Eritrean Nakfa.

For current exchange rates click here.

State and Official Visits / Bilateral Meetings

No Information

Bilateral Agreements

If you have any queries with regard to treaties please contact the Treaty Section of the Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO) at 012 351 1000.

Trade Info

For current information on trade statistics between South Africa and Eritrea, visit the website of the Department of Trade, Industry and Competition of South Africa.

Interest Groups and Information

No Information


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