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History of Relations
between South Africa and Mozambique have their historic origin as far back as
1928 when South Africa and Portugal entered into a Convention which regulated
labour; transport and commercial matters between South Africa and the colony of
South Africa's mines have over many decades employed substantial
numbers of miners of Mozambican origin, resulting in the repatriation of deferred
payment of salaries, which formed a valuable source of income for the Mozambican
Since the advent of democracy in South Africa in 1994 and peace
in Mozambique, South Africa and Mozambique have strengthened their relations in
especially the area of economic cooperation and investment. This cooperation resulted
in the implementation of multi-billion rand economic projects, inter alia, the
Maputo Development Corridor and the trilateral Spatial Development Initiative
The Governments of South Africa and Mozambique on 20 July
1994 entered into the Agreement for a Joint Permanent Commission for Cooperation,
thereby providing the mechanism for further cooperation.
A Heads of State
Economic Bilateral Forum was created in 1997. These meetings are held quarterly
under the chairmanship the Presidents of South Africa and Mozambique and attended
by the ministers and officials of relevant ministries of both countries. The Heads
of State Economic Bilateral presides over strategic projects between the two countries.
the importance of Mozambique in view of President TM Mbeki's African Renaissance
initiatives, various Presidential, Ministerial and Official meetings are taking
place on a continuous basis.
The Republic of Mozambique
covers a total area of 799 380 sq km (308 641 sq miles), which includes 13 000
sq km of inland water, representing the Mozambican section of Lake Malawi. Mozambique
is bordered to the north by Tanzania, to the west by Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe
and to the south by South Africa and Swaziland.
The shoreline is 2470 km
long and generally sandy and bordered by lagoons and strings of coastal islets
in the north.
Mozambique has 25 main rivers, all of which flow to the Indian
Ocean. The largest and most historically significant is the Zambezi, whose 820
km Mozambican section is navigable for 460 km.
has a population of 18,6 million (1998) citizens with an estimated population
growth rate of 2.5% (1998) and an approximate birth rate of 43.5 births/1000 population
(1998). Life expectation for the total population is approximately 45 years.
population is ethnically composed of indigenous tribal groups 99% (Shangaan; Chokwe;
Manyika; Sena; Makua and others), as well as Europeans 0.6%; mixed race 0.2% and
Indians 0.08%. Portuguese is the official language.
Approximately 36% of
the population is urbanised (1997), with a literacy rate of approximately 40%.
The country has a GDP of approximately 8% (1997) and comprises 10 provinces. The
capital city is Maputo.
Mozambique achieved independence from Portugal on
25 June 1975 and elected Samora Machel (Frelimo) as its first President. Soon
after independence, a protracted civil war broke out between the governing party,
Frelimo, and Renamo, the Mozambique resistance forces. President Machel was succeeded
in 1986 by President Joaquim Alberto Chissano as President, following the death
of the former in an aircraft disaster.
Following the cessation of the civil
war, the country's new Constitution was adopted on 30 November 1990 and the General
Peace Agreement was signed on 4 October 1992 between Frelimo and Renamo.
Chissano is Head of State, whilst Prime Minister Pascoal Mocumbi was elected as
Head of Government. Mozambique is a unitary Republic with a 250-member Parliament
which is elected by universal adult suffrage every five years.
held its first multi-party Presidential and legislative elections on 27-29 October
1994, confirming Frelimo as the winner. President Joaquim Alberto Chissano (Frelimo)
was elected as President. In the elections of December 1999 President Chissano
was re-elected as President. Mozambique's next elections are scheduled to be held
during December 2004.
South African Representation in Mozambique
H E Mr M B M Mpahlwa
High Commissioner Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
African High Commission
Mozambican Representation in South Africa
H E Mr P J Macaringue
High Commissioner Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Requirements for South Africans
For more information contact the Mozambican High Commission.
and bilharzia are prevalent - visitors are advised to consult beforehand with
their physicians in respect of appropriate medical precautions to be taken.
further information go to Travelers' Health.
Tropical to subtropical
For up-to-date weather information
1 metical (Mt) = 100 centavos
2400 meticais (Mt) = ZAR
For current exchange rates click here
and Official Visits / Bilateral Meetings
If you have any queries with regard to treaties please
contact the Treaty Section at 012 351 0892/0742 or send an e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
For current information on trade statistics between South Africa
and Mozambique, visit the web site of the Department
of Trade and Industry of South Africa
Groups and Information
MOZAMBIQUE/SOUTH AFRICA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (CCIMOSA)
Contact : Mr Paul da Sousa
Tel: 092581 - 42 1892 - 5
Fax: 092581 - 42 1899