Issue 04 | 17 August 2017  
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The 37th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is taking place from 9 – 20 August 2017 in Pretoria, South Africa.
Fellow citizens of SADC member states.

It is with great honour and humility that I present to you my message as the SADC Chairperson on this occasion of SADC Day, which SADC commemorates annually on 17 August.
This is a day when we reflect on the progress we have made as we implement the SADC Regional Integration Agenda and look into the future for prosperity.

Let me start off by paying tribute to the founding fathers of SADC for their vision for a common future for the SADC organisation to improve the lives of their peoples. Since 1980, the institution they conceptualised and established has not only stood the test of time, but also grown from strength to strength.

I am happy that some of our founding fathers are still with us and they continue to be a valuable source of wisdom for SADC and future generations to come.

As we commemorate this special day for SADC, I am encouraged by the growing awareness and participation of our people in the implementation of the SADC programmes and projects.
I do hope this will gradually move the region towards the goals for which SADC was established to reduce the levels of poverty and improve the standard of living of the people in the region.

In this regard, there is a need to closely collaborate with the private sector as the engine of growth and other stakeholders such as other operators, think-tanks and academia.
Infrastructure development in the process of industrialisation is very important and is required to support regional integration as well. in this regard, for the 36th Ordinary SADC Summit in 2016, the Kingdom of Eswatini decided to present the theme to promote and work on resource mobilisation by engaging international, regional and national investors and financial institutions to invest in sustainable energy infrastructure for industrialisation.
Hence, the theme was "Resource Mobilisation for Investment in Sustainable Energy Infrastructure for an Inclusive SADC Industrialisation for the Prosperity of the Region". The theme was adopted with the realisation that our SADC Regional Agenda and plans need to be implemented and the lack of funds tends to stall progress, especially in infrastructure development.

SADC is now engaging to explore alternative options and innovative approaches of sustainable financing and broadening the resource base to achieve our goals for regional integration.

It is my hope that by 2063, in line with the SADC Industrialisation Strategy and Roadmap 2015 – 2063 as well as the Agenda 2063 of the African Union, the SADC region's industrial landscape will completely be different from what it is at present.

SADC is opening her wings wider to create markets for our people to trade and develop in the COMESA and EAC markets, hence the launching of the SADC-COMESA-EAC Free Trade Area in 2015 during the Third Tripartite Summit in Egypt.

With this, we hope that the economic activities will create jobs and reduce the levels of unemployment and poverty. 

I am proud that the SADC region continues to enjoy relative peace and stability as our citizens and political leaders continue to resolve their differences amicably through contact and dialogue, recognising that we are bound by common history, shared ancestry and above all, a common future as brothers and sisters.
Peace and security for SADC is at the top of the priorities because we recognise that without it the process of development and regional development will always be stalled. This continues to be witnessed as we have just seen that the Kingdom of Lesotho held the national elections peacefully and as SADC, we will continue to support them to ensure lasting peace, security and political stability for the Basotho nation.

While our SADC region continues to be peaceful and stable, on the social and economic front, there have been few other potential issues that require regional and national preventative and mitigation measures.

These are food, water and energy insecurity, transnational drugs, human trafficking, smuggling, money laundering, cyber security, climate change and environmental degradation, to mention just a few.

In this regard, we will continue to strengthen the regional and national early warning centres on the need to exchange information and data through secure communication infrastructure.

Through this initiative, SADC will be able to respond quickly to any disaster as was observed in the management of the outbreak of the fall armyworm in the SADC region.

The challenges of unemployment, especially among our youths in the region, need to be tackled through a concerted effort from all sectors to empower them.

The industrialisation process in SADC should be inclusive to involve the youth as well as women so that they can benefit directly from the process of economic and technological transformation.

One of the strategies to involve the youth is through SADC education and training programmes, especially vocational skills in the fields of science, technology and innovation, which are relevant and key for industries.

Education is key to capacity development and for SADC to graduate to a competitive knowledge-based economy, high-level specialisations will be crucial, notably tertiary education and specialisations in science and engineering disciplines.

I am pleased to mention that the preparations for the establishment of the SADC University of Transformation are progressing well as it is aimed at enhancing the human capital of the SADC region in the areas of technical and vocational education and training, innovation and delivering graduates who are empowered with requisite skills for industrial development.

As we commemorate the 2017 SADC Day, let us all reflect on the gains we have made as a region and pay particular attention to the development of interventions to address our challenges.

In order to make sure that our people live in a better environment that will create conducive standards of living while promoting prosperity and inclusive growth for our citizens, we should be mindful of the vision of the SADC founding fathers and thrive to work towards "The SADC we Want".

I wish you all a happy SADC Day and prosperity of the region.

I thank you. May the Almighty God bless us all.

SADC corporate insignia, thus, logo, Flag and Anthem are important instruments meant to promote the regional identity
These were put in place in accordance with the provisions of the SADC Declaration of Heads of State and Government under Point E on popular participation that states:

"Regional integration will continue to be a pipe dream unless the peoples of the region determine its content, form its direction, and are themselves its active agent"
and that "measures will, therefore be taken and appropriate mechanisms and institutional frameworks put in place, to involve the people of the region in the process of regional integration. It is also in accordance with the Objectives of SADC, one which is "to strengthen and consolidate the long standing historical, social and cultural affinities and links among the peoples of the region".

In August, 2001, the SADC Heads of State and Government signed the Protocol on Culture, Information and Sport, Article 13 of which calls for the, "... preservation and promotion of the cultural heritage of the region... "

Cultural heritage of the region is a critical component of our regional identity. One of the organisation's achievements since its inception in 1980 in Lusaka, Zambia, has been to inculcate a sense of regional belonging among the people and governments of the region. Now, SADC has its own Anthem to be use as an instrument to build and reinforce regional identity as it, among others, has the potential to:
  • promote a sense of regional belonging and identity
  • popularise SADC objectives and Common Agenda
  • promote popular participation in SADC programmes and activities
  • engender regional integration buy-in among SADC children
  • strengthen and consolidate SADC's long-standing historical, social and cultural affinities.
 Listen to the SADC anthem on this link:
On 16 August, the Chairperson of the of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Council of Ministers and Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, Ms Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, hosted her counterparts at a reception at the OR Tambo Building, Pretoria.
The Chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Council of Ministers and Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, Ms Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, delivered the closing remarks at the two-day SADC Council of Ministers' Meeting on Wednesday, 16 August 2017. The SADC Executive Secretary, Dr Lawrence Stergomena Tax, also addressed the closing of the meeting.
Minister Nkoana-Mashabane took over the Chairpersonship from His Royal Highness Prince Hlangusemphi, Minister of Economic Planning and Development of the Kingdom of Swaziland.

The council consists of ministers from each of the 15 SADC member states and oversees the work of the SADC Secretariat.
  On 16 August, two SADC Acting Directors, Ms Lomthandazo Mavimbela, responsible for Gender, Social and Human Development; and Mr Phera Ramoeli, responsible for Infrastructure Services briefed the media on their respective roles and progress.
by Joseph Ngwawi 
On 17 August 2017, southern Africa marks 25 years since the historic signing of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Treaty and Declaration, an event that led to far-reaching transformation and advanced the regional agenda from one of loose cooperation to deeper integration buttressed by legally binding sector protocols.

At their historic summit, held on 17 August 1992 in Windhoek, Namibia, leaders from the region signed the SADC Treaty and Declaration that effectively transformed the then Southern African Development Coordination Conference into the SADC.

The treaty and declaration were signed by the leaders of the 10 countries that were members of the SADCC at the time – Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The other five member states – the Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and South Africa – signed the documents later as they joined the organisation.

The signing of the treaty and declaration ushered in changes in the way the regional organisation operates. Prior to 1992, the organisational and institutional arrangements were decentralised, with each of the 10 then member states being responsible for coordinating one economic sector.

The signing of the treaty saw coordination of the programmes and activities being centralised at a Secretariat that was established in Gaborone, Botswana.

The Secretariat is the principal executive institution of SADC, responsible for strategic planning, facilitation, coordination and management of all regional programmes. It is headed by an executive secretary who is supported by two deputies, one for Regional Integration and another for Corporate Affairs.

The Secretariat is arranged into directorates, and a number of stand-alone units responsible for cross-cutting issues.

Along with establishing SADC, the declaration and treaty set out the organisation's objectives, institutions, and systems of operation.

They outline the modalities for regional cooperation in areas such as food security, land and agriculture; infrastructure and services; industry, trade, investment and finance; human resources development, science and technology; natural resources and environment; social welfare, information and culture; and politics, diplomacy, international relations, peace and security.

In recognition of the significance of 17 August in the history of the region, the day was designated as SADC Day. 

Outgoing SADC Chairperson, King Mswati III of Swaziland, applauded "the growing awareness and participation of our people in the implementation of the SADC programmes and projects".

"I do hope this will gradually move the region towards achieving the goals for which SADC was established, which is to reduce the levels of poverty and improve the standard of living of the people in the region," King Mswati said in his SADC Day message ahead of the 37th SADC Summit that opens on 19 August in Pretoria, South Africa.

He cited some of the achievements by SADC over the past few years as the review and eventual approval of the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan, review of the Strategic Plan for the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation and development of a Regional Infrastructure Master Plan in 2012.

Other achievements include the development of the SADC Industrialisation Strategy and Roadmap (2015 – 2063) in 2015 and its Costed Action Plan that was adopted by an Extraordinary Summit in March 2017. "These are indeed milestones which cannot go unnoticed, yet there is still a lot of effort we need to put to realise more fruits for the future growth of our region," he said.
The SADC Chairperson also applauded the existing peace and security situation in the region.

"This is because the citizens and political leaders believe in resolving their differences amicably through contact and dialogue, recognising that we are bound by common history, shared ancestry and above all, a common future as brothers and sisters," the Chairperson said.
He noted that peace and security were some of the priorities for SADC "due to the realisation that without peace there cannot be any meaningful progress in the region".

He, however, noted that despite the relatively stable political situation in southern Africa, the region still needed to address a number of social and economic challenges. "These include food and water insecurity, energy insecurity, transnational drugs, human trafficking, smuggling, money laundering, cyber security, climate change and environmental degradation."

"In this regard, we will continue to strengthen the regional and national early warning centres on the need to exchange information and data through secure communication infrastructure."

The 37th SADC Summit is scheduled for 19 to 20 August, and will deliberate on a wide range of issues, including exploring ways of harnessing the potential of the private sector to contribute to the industrialisation agenda and sustainable economic development in the region.

The theme for the summit is: "Partnering with the Private Sector in Developing Industry and Regional Value Chains". At the summit, South African President Jacob Zuma will assume the rotating SADC Chair from King Mswati III of Swaziland. – Source:
The introduction of two new varieties of tomato in Malawi and nearby Mozambique could help boost food security and provide local solutions to adapt to climate change and meet nutrition needs.
The tomatoes are proudly displayed in a market in Blantyre – round, plump and red. These new, locally grown tomatoes are emerging as one of the most important and effective ways in which SADC is boosting food security in the region.

Named after the Bvumbwe research station located south of Blantyre in Malawi, the new varieties are named Bvumbwe 1 and Bvumbwe 2 tomatoes. The area is well-known for its fertile hillsides.

Introducing varieties that have higher nutritional value has drawn together government and non-governmental organisations, including the Centre for Coordination of Agricultural Research and Development in Southern Africa, SADC, the Malawi Government and horticulturalists, agronomists and other specialists. The initiative has grown out of SADC's Regional Agricultural Policy.

Bvumbwe tomatoes are disease tolerant and have a long shelf life, making them better adapted to effects of climate change and suitable for cross-border trade by resource-poor entrepreneurs. They have higher levels of vitamin A than the average tomato.
The tomatoes are already a regional success story: The seed is being distributed in neighbouring Mozambique and Zimbabwe where farmers have started planting the Bvumbwe 1 and Bvumbwe 2 varieties.

Farmer Jonathan Matebule is chairperson of the Challenge Project Group in Lukya, a village perched on a hilltop overlooking the highest point in Malawi, Malanje Mountain.
  "The researchers came with a number of varieties but the Bvumbwe responded best," says Matebule. "After I was trained by the scientists, I planted this crop," he says, pointing at his tomatoes, which soon became the envy of other farmers.

"Our livelihoods have improved because of the proceeds of the sales of these Bvumbwe tomatoes. Because of them I can now afford school fees. I bought dairy cows and pigs and can now feed my family properly," adds Matebule.

Before the programme, most children in the village did not go to school. Now enrolment is at 100%, which the community links directly to the income from agricultural product sales, especially the Bvumbwe tomatoes.

Change is also evident in the village's houses. Where previously they were made of mud and straw, thanks to new profits they are now built from bricks and with corrugated iron roofs. A few villagers even upgraded from bicycles to motorbikes, which handle the rough terrain better.

Matebule is not the only one in the village who's seen his life change.
Agnes Jakaramba began hers as a farmworker on other people's fields. Today she owns her own one-hectare farm on which she grows vegetables. "We irrigate early in the morning, then (again) later in the afternoon. I also fertilise my field. It's a hard life but I'm my own boss and I'm feeling good now," she says.

In Blantyre, support also comes from agri-business focused shops.

Austin Banda, operations manager in one of them, says: "We've been in business for around 20 years, providing technical support from seeds to harvesting. We started with one outlet and now we have seven," he says.

Banda's Blantyre shop is busy with farmers and other clients purchasing chemicals, seeds and fertiliser along with small implements and pumps. CCARDESA's Executive Director Dr Simon Mwale Mwale is emphatic about the success of the humble tomato.

"This is a success for three reasons: Firstly improving agriculture research among SADC member states, secondly it encourages innovations to flow from one country to another, and thirdly it encourages intraregional trade."
SADC's initiative for regional banking has helped member states improve their banking systems and broaden access for the region's citizens.

Banking has remained out of reach for millions of Southern African citizens, prompting regulators and banks to work harder to ensure that more than a privileged few benefit from banking services.

The SADC Protocol on Finance and Investment, signed in 2006, addresses some of these challenges. It seeks to accelerate growth, investment and employment in the region through increased cooperation, coordination and management of macroeconomic, monetary and fiscal policies. It also works to establish and sustain macroeconomic stability as a precondition for sustainable economic growth and for the creation of a monetary union in the region.

One initiative for greater financial integration was the introduction of the SADC Integrated Regional Electronic Settlement System (SIRESS) as a cross-border payment solution. All SADC currencies, including the US Dollar, have been approved by the Committee of Central Bank Governors as settlements in SIRESS.

According to SADC Banking Association Executive Secretary Maxine Hlaba, the system is paying off across the region.
"We now have 83 participants on SIRESS made up of 76 commercial banks and seven central banks. Fourteen countries are now live on SIRESS, and we continue to bring on board more banks," says Hlaba.

She adds: "As at the end of April 2017, the total number of transactions settled through SIRESS was 733 597, representing a value of USD 244,7 billion."

There are also local benefits as the banking association has worked to help banks in member states to attain the necessary levels of delivery to join as well as to promote financial inclusion.
The SADC Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan (RIDMP) and the SADC Protocol on Transport, Communications and Meteorology underpin regional development corridors. The Moatize-Nacala railway illustrates the benefits of corridors based on well-maintained infrastructure and seamless transport services.

In November 2016, the first train and coaches to travel between the coal fields of Tete Province in Mozambique and the new Port of Nacala set off. The railway, traversing Malawi, is an important link between the coal-producing province and the closest major port. The train's arrival at Nacala ushered in a new era for SADC.

While the Port of Beira had been handling the coal shipments in the past, it was unable to deal with increased capacity, making it necessary to build a line to Malawi where it would join an existing line that needed to be upgraded.
The Nacala-Moatize railway is one of the corridors under the RIDMP and was delivered by a public-private partnership with the Government of Mozambique.

The concept of spatial corridors and spatial development initiatives seeks to facilitate the development of trade, industry, agriculture, mining, energy, tourism and other resources. These resources are inherent in the zones traversed by regional infrastructure networks such as roads and railways.

The RIDMP, approved in 2012 by SADC member states, is the blueprint for realising the concept in practice. For the Nacala Corridor, this meant generating long-term investment returns, focusing on jobs in the region to reduce poverty, making it easier for agribusiness to grow, and contributing to more economic, social and environmental progress.
  The African Development Bank provided USD 300 million for Malawi and Mozambique to upgrade infrastructure and ensure the maintenance for the railway line. Small and medium sized businesses were earmarked for growth by the development bank.

One stretch of the existing railway line had a speed limit of 10 km per hour. After the refurbishment, trains can now run at up to 60 km per hour. Through such improvements, coal can now be transported from Moatize to Nacala in half the time it took previously.

Corridor manager Sara Taibo says the success of the Maputo Development Corridor, linking Mozambique's capital to South Africa, helped secure funds for similar projects.

"It was on the basis of the Maputo corridor success story that the same concept was replicated for the Beira and Nacala corridors, and subsequently to Zambezia with the intention of transporting coal from Moatize," she says.

"It is intended that these corridors not be limited to handling coal, but also to handle other cargo and goods coming from neighbouring countries."

The corridor will be able to carry more than 20 million tons (MT) of coal a year whose destinations will include the Americas, Eastern Asia, Europe and India, among others.

"Right now we're sitting at a capacity of 18 MT of coal per annum and 4 MT capacity for general cargo," says Taibo.

In 2016, the route handled 631 thousand tons. "This year, it is expected to handle 2,1 MT and 85 000 of containerised cargo," she says.

Part of the construction challenge was that the new track had to be laid between Moatize in Mozambique and connect with the existing railway line near Liwonde in Southern Malawi.

Fifty-year-old plumber Hillgud Kukhala was one of the construction workers employed to work on parts of the railway. Kukhala said he had no idea that it would change his life.

"I am now a proud owner of a beautiful house that I built with my own money – something I never dreamt would happen in my lifetime," says Kukhala.

Besides the house, he now owns a herd of livestock and supports his widowed mother with monthly remittances.

But the benefits have gone beyond faster rail transport and construction jobs: As a result of the technological demand of scheduling, the ICT sector supporting the railway's management has benefited. And an access road through Nampula and Nacala to support the corridor's construction was upgraded and is now being used by motorists.
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Editor: Delien Burger
Picture Editor: Yolande Snyman
Design and layout: Gladwin Komane


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